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University of Chicago
5801 South Ellis Ave
Chicago
IL 60637
USA
[t] +1 773 702 1234
[f] +1 773 702 8324
The University of Chicago was founded in 1890 by the American Baptist Education Society and oil magnate John D. Rockefeller. The land for the new university, in the recently annexed suburb of Hyde Park, was donated by Marshall Field, owner of the Chicago department store that bears his name.

In 1929, Robert Hutchins became the University's fifth president. During his tenure, Hutchins established many of the undergraduate curricular innovations that the University is known for today. These included a curriculum dedicated specifically to interdisciplinary education, comprehensive examinations instead of course grades, courses focused on the study of original documents and classic works, and an emphasis on discussion, rather than lectures.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the University began to add modern buildings to the formerly all-Gothic campus.
Sereno, team discover prehistoric giant Sarcosuchus imperator in African desert
13 August, 2007
Paleontologist Paul Sereno has uncovered the remains of a giant prehistoric crocodile from the African Sahara that dwarfs its modern counterparts. The animal, called Sarcosuchus imperator (
Gesturing aids thinking, memory
13 August, 2007
Susan Goldin-Meadow and her colleagues have discovered that gesturing while speaking aids a speaker
Study conducted in Chicago neighborhoods calls
13 August, 2007
A major study by University researchers who videotaped street activity on thousands of blocks throughout Chicago shows there is a much smaller connection than commonly believed between a neighborhood
Brain activity is influenced by chemosignals, University researchers find
12 August, 2007
University researchers have found for the first time that airborne
Prenatal exposure to methamphetamine increases risk to males who use drug in teen or adult years
12 August, 2007
Exposure before birth to methamphetamine, the world
Herbal supplements may cause risks for patients anticipating surgeries
12 August, 2007
A new study by researchers in the University Medical Center gives patients and physicians specific recommendations for discontinuing the use of herbal medications prior to surgery. In the Journal of the American Medical Association, the three physicians assess the interactions between herbs, anesthesia and surgery and suggest ways to reduce the associated risks.
University astronomers learn more about possible dangers of solar flares during solar maximum
12 August, 2007
Once every 11 years, the sun
Molecular mechanism is key in brain development
12 August, 2007
Elizabeth Grove, Assistant Professor in Neurobiology, Pharmacology & Physiology, and Tomomi Fukuchi-Shimogori, a postdoctoral fellow, have discovered a molecular mechanism associated with brain development.
Researchers discover mutations that increase risk of Crohn
11 August, 2007
A team of researchers at the University, the University of Michigan and others has identified the first genetic abnormality that increases susceptibility to Crohn
Researchers find cause for neonatal diabetes
11 August, 2007
In a report in The New England Journal of Medicine, an international team of researchers from Chicago, the University of Bergen, Norway, and the San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Italy, describes two cases of neonatal diabetes resulting from a complete deficiency of glucokinase, an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the regulation of blood-sugar levels.
Astronomers find clues to heavy elements in universe
11 August, 2007
This image of a portion of the Small Magellanic Cloud was taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Welty and his colleagues used the HST imaging spectrograph to probe the space between the stars of the Small Magellanic Cloud.
DASI data support inflation theory
10 August, 2007
The leading theory regarding the origin of the universe has just passed another major test, one posed by University astronomers and their colleagues working at a National Science Foundation observatory at the South Pole.
Physics of fluids shows promise for coating of transplanted cells
10 August, 2007
Sidney Nagel, the Stein-Freiler Distinguished Service Professor in Physics, and Milan Mrksich, Associate Professor in Chemistry, have completed the first major step in developing a coating to protect islets from the immune system. They have developed one of the world
Professor finds that nonhuman primates have evolutionary reason to bond with their offspring
10 August, 2007
Dario Maestripieri, Assistant Professor in the Committee on Human Development and the Committee on Evolutionary Biology, has studied the behaviors of nonhuman primates in his research. His most recent study found that these primates bond with their offspring and demonstrate a strong motivation to look after their young.
Researchers find cause of common genetic disorder
09 August, 2007
Researchers from the University, Columbia University and Baylor University have separately identified genetic abnormalities in mice that are responsible for the multiple malformations associated with a human disorder called DiGeorge syndrome, which is the second most common genetic cause of heart defects.
Research shows students who begin school in small classes have an edge
09 August, 2007
Students beginning school in small classes continue to benefit many years later and outscore other students in high school mathematics, according to new research co-authored by scholars at the University.
Mathematicians view unstable activity in brain to better understand circuitry of visual cortex
09 August, 2007
Scientists are deducing the internal circuitry of the visual brain by mathematically reproducing the geometric hallucinations people see when they ingest mind-altering drugs, view bright, flickering lights or encounter near-death experiences.
Environment influences children
08 August, 2007
University researchers show in a study, that the language environment children experience greatly influences their individual differences in syntax acquisition. This finding challenges a long-standing contention that syntax, the organization of words into sentences, develops uniformly and naturally because of inborn characteristics.
Hospitalists, a new medical specialty, reduce mortality, cut costs, study shows
08 August, 2007
Physicians who concentrate on hospital care produce better results than the general internists who have traditionally managed hospital stays, a study by University researchers showed.
University physician utilizing Argonne software designed to study energy beams
08 August, 2007
The proposed Rare Isotope Accelerator at Argonne National Laboratory will provide nuclear physicists with an unprecedented variety of beams of short-lived radioactive elements, many at intensities more than 100,000 times those currently available. These beams also will produce high heat levels.
DASI grows into new fields of observation after latest results
07 August, 2007
When University physicist Sean Carroll began planning a schedule of speakers for the COSMO-02 workshop that assembled 275 cosmologists in Chicago last month, John Carlstrom, the S. Chandrasekhar Professor in Astronomy & Astrophysics and the College, was not on the program. But Carroll gratefully made last-minute arrangements that would allow Carlstrom to announce his team
International sex survey shows women do not experience age-related sexual dysfunction
07 August, 2007
Earlier this month, Edward Laumann, the George Herbert Meade Distinguished Service Professor in Sociology, presented his latest research results on the differences between men and women in age-related sexual dysfunction at a conference of the International Society for the Study of Women
Researchers study incarcerated mothers
07 August, 2007
On any given day, there are approximately 84,000 women in federal and state prisons and nearly 70,000 additional women incarcerated in county jails, numbers that are now doubling every seven to eight years. Most of these women were custodial parents prior to their incarceration, so when they go to prison, children are often left behind.
Gene therapy boosts chemo treatment
06 August, 2007
Researchers at the University have found a way to combine cancer chemotherapy with gene therapy designed to disrupt the growth of blood vessels to a tumor. The combination, tested in mice, is far more effective than standard chemotherapy and has no additional side effects. This innovative approach is described in the August issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Research may aid in rapid diagnosis, treatment of AMKL
06 August, 2007
Researchers at the University have identified a gene defect that causes the development of leukemia in children with Down syndrome. The discovery could speed diagnosis and provide a new target for therapy.
Researchers define infants
06 August, 2007
Although many people would like to think their babies are bright enough to count before their first birthday, and some child psychologists have suggested they can, this possibility is disputed in the results of a 10-year evaluation by leading scholars at the University.
Researchers show people overestimate ability to effectively communicate ambiguous information
05 August, 2007
Most people seriously overestimate their ability to communicate effectively, even when dealing with information they know to be ambiguous, say Chicago psychologists Boaz Keysar and Anne Henly. In a recent study of 40 pairs of listeners and speakers,
Researchers develop sensors with ability to measure extremely large magnetic fields
05 August, 2007
The silver chalcogenides magnetic sensor, developed by researchers at the University and Argonne National Laboratory, has been used to make precise measurements of magnetic fields as high as 600,000 Gauss, or more than a million times Earth
Hillocks finds that standardized writing assessments may be harmful to children
05 August, 2007
George Hillocks Jr., Professor in English Language & Literature and Director of the Master of Arts Program in Teaching, has spent much of the past decade trying to determine what effect standardized writing assessments have on writing ability.
Nicotine extends duration of pleasant effects of dopamine
04 August, 2007
Brief exposure to low levels of nicotine not only boosts the brain
Chemical method makes further investigation of carbohydrates possible
04 August, 2007
University scientists have described the first chip-based chemical strategy for rapidly screening carbohydrates for biologically useful activity. The technique enables researchers to scan a single chip for literally thousands of different biologically active compounds that could someday play a key role in the treatment of disease or as a diagnostic for biological warfare agents.
Male-driven evolution confirmed in Li
04 August, 2007
Researchers from the University have estimated that genetic mutations, the raw material for evolution, occur 5.25 times more often in males than in females. This discovery should lay to rest any doubts raised by recent studies questioning the dominant role that males play in producing mutations for molecular evolution.
Structure of anthrax toxin offers clues to treatment
03 August, 2007
Researchers from the University and Boston Biomedical Research Institute have described the three-dimensional structure of edema factor, one of the three toxins that make anthrax so deadly. This finding, published in today
Researchers discover women inherit male odor preferences through paternal genes
03 August, 2007
University researchers are receiving international attention for a recent study of women
Microprobe aids in new collaborative research on chromosomes
03 August, 2007
This false-color image of the distribution of calcium in the chromosomes of a deer, was obtained using secondary ion mass spectrometry with the University
Variations discovered in fourth chromosome of fruit fly
03 August, 2007
Researchers in Ecology & Evolution overturned a classic belief that has been published in both genetics and evolution textbooks since the 1930s, when they reported in the Jan. 4 issue of Science that the tiny fourth chromosome of the fruit fly, believed to be identical in every member of the species, actually has several regions that vary.
Researchers measure importance of natural selection at genetic level
03 August, 2007
Researchers from the University have demonstrated that natural selection plays a much larger role in molecular evolution than anyone had suspected. Their report, published in the Nature, shows that about 25 percent of genes are evolving rapidly in response to competitive pressures. A second paper by other researchers in the same issue confirms this discovery.
New study by economist Levitt determines risks of fatal crashes, strategies to reduce accidents
02 August, 2007
Drunk drivers are at least 13 times more likely to cause a fatal crash than are sober drivers, according to a new study by Steven Levitt, Professor in Economics, and Jack Porter, professor of economics at Harvard University.
Experiment results lead to technology in nanoscale structures
02 August, 2007
The image above is a false-color transmission electron microscope image of self-assembled silver nanowires that were produced in the laboratory of Heinrich Jaeger, Professor in Physics. The center-to-center spacing between neighboring wires is 50 nanometers.
Experiments suggest silicon is an element in Earth
02 August, 2007
Researchers in Geophysical Sciences used a diamond anvil cell to simulate high pressures found at Earth
Discovery of inheritability of social behavior traits has human implications
01 August, 2007
In a study conducted by Dario Maestripieri, Associate Professor in Human Development, rhesus macaque babies were found to exhibit the behaviors of their birth mothers, though the babies were adopted and raised by foster mothers.
Phenomenon found in droplets may lead to microscopic uses
01 August, 2007
A water drop drips through silicone oil showing that the neck of the drop is initially a smooth parabola around the drop
Nasal sprays prove most effective as first line of treatment for seasonal allergies
01 August, 2007
Researchers from the University have demonstrated that corticosteroid nasal sprays are more effective than antihistamines when used
Researchers find that good night
31 July, 2007
Scientists at the University have demonstrated that sleep has an important impact on improving the ability to learn language. The researchers found that sleep improved the ability of students to retain knowledge about speech produced by a computer, even when the students seemed to forget some of what they had learned during the day before a night
Study shows sexual orientation is linked to brain metabolism
31 July, 2007
University researchers have shown for the first time that strong sexual orientation among men appears to be connected with brain metabolism. The results of their study are reported in a paper that was presented the annual Society for Neuroscience conference in New Orleans.
Researchers discover a new delivery system for antimicrobial medications
31 July, 2007
A multicenter research team led by a University researcher has discovered how to deliver antimicrobial medications directly to the infectious parasites that cause such diseases as toxoplasmosis, even when the parasites lay hidden and inactive within cysts, where they have been untreatable by any available medicines.
Robotic system reduces invasiveness of prostate surgery, speeds recovery
30 July, 2007
A surgical team at the University Hospitals uses the da Vinci robotic system to remove a cancerous prostate gland in a patient. This new laparoscopic technique allows patients to undergo the surgery with less pain, smaller scars and minimal blood loss, and to recover more rapidly.
Infant mortality rates improve as air quality improves, study shows
30 July, 2007
Tiny particles in the air probably have a greater impact on infant health than has previously been realized, according to new research published by a University economist, who specializes in environmental regulation, and his colleague.
Scientists identify defects in protein hydrogen bonds
30 July, 2007
These illustrations show the pattern of underwrapped hydrogen bonds in the crystal structure of human apomyoglobin (which carries oxygen from the muscles), hen egg-white lysozyme (an enzymatic protein), and human microglobulin (an immune system protein). The ribbon representations are an aid to the eye. The protein backbones are presented in blue. The well-wrapped backbone hydrogen bonds show as grey segments, and the underwrapped hydrogen bonds are displayed as green segments.
Tabletop experiment yields bubbly surprise
29 July, 2007
Front and side views of a pinch-off in an air burst from a nozzle tilted by 2 degrees. The nozzle
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