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DOE/Argonne National Laboratory
9700 S Cass Avenue
Argonne
IL 60439
USA
[t] +1 630 252 2000
Argonne National Laboratory is one of the US Department of Energy's largest research centres. It is also the nation's first national laboratory, chartered in 1946.

Argonne is a direct descendant of the University of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory, part of the World War Two Manhattan Project. After the war, Argonne was given the mission of developing nuclear reactors for peaceful purposes. Over the years, Argonne's research expanded to include many other areas of science, engineering and technology.

Today, the laboratory has about 4000 employees, including about 1200 scientists and engineers, of whom about 700 hold doctorate degrees.

Argonne occupies two sites. The Illinois site is surrounded by forest preserve about 25 miles southwest of Chicago's Loop. About 3200 of Argonne's 4000 employees work on the site's 1500 wooded acres. The site also houses the US Department of Energy's Chicago Operations Office.

Argonne-West occupies about 900 acres about 50 miles west of Idaho Falls in the Snake River Valley. It is the home of most of Argonne's major nuclear reactor research facilities. About 800 of Argonne's employees work there.
Underground physics: Searching for neutrinos in deep places
15 April, 2007
A new physics experiment combines thousands of tons of steel plates, a powerful particle accelerator and 450 miles of solid rock to reveal the secrets of a particle that sometimes seems to barely exist.
Setting the stage to find drugs against SARS
15 April, 2007
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
New study of tree roots will alter carbon-sequestration models
08 April, 2007
Using a new carbon tracing method, Argonne ecologists and their colleagues have determined that life spans of fine tree roots are much longer than expected and differ according to the species. The fine roots of pine trees last four to six years, while sweetgum roots have shorter life spans of 1.3 to three years.
Structure determined for critical SARS enzyme
08 April, 2007
Moving one step closer in the battle against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, researchers from a California company using the powerful X-rays at the Advanced Photon Source have determined the first structure of the main protease from the coronavirus that causes SARS. A protease is a viral enzyme critical in the SARS life cycle.
Innovative software tools keep electrical markets humming
07 April, 2007
Flip a switch and the power goes on. That is a hallmark of modern industrial life. Yet in August 2003, 50 million people around the Great Lakes and New England were without power, some for 30 hours. And in 2001, California was plagued with regular black- and brown-outs, in part related to serious transmission bottlenecks, as the state struggled through electricity deregulation.
Battery powers tiny, implants that aid neurological disorders
07 April, 2007
A new miniature battery is powering tiny, implantable devices that could help millions who suffer from a variety of neurological disorders, such as urinary urge incontinence.
Access Grid technology allows Native Americans to bridge digital divide
06 April, 2007
It was the sudden appearance of cutting-edge Internet technology that first created a 'digital divide' between Native Americans and the rest of the United States. Now, thanks to Argonne National Laboratory's Access Grid project, a group seeking to preserve Native American culture is putting technology to work in hopes of bridging that gap.
Nanoparticles eyed as biohazard treatment
05 April, 2007
Nanoparticles may someday come to the rescue of people exposed to chemical, biological or radiological hazards. Argonne researchers are in the early testing stages of a system that would cleanse the blood of contaminants using tiny magnetic particles and a portable, external magnetic separator.
Nanotube water doesn't freeze, even at hundreds of degrees below zero
04 April, 2007
A new form of water has been discovered by physicists in Argonne's Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Division. Called nanotube water, these molecules contain two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom but do not turn into ice, even at temperatures near absolute zero.
Researchers at APS make graphite hard as diamond
04 April, 2007
Science has yet to achieve the alchemist's dream of turning lead into gold. But a group of researchers using the Argonne's Advanced Photon Source (APS) may have found a way to turn ordinary soft lead into a new, super-hard material that 'looks' just like diamond.
New hydrogen sensor faster, more sensitive
03 April, 2007
The same kind of chemical coating used to shed rainwater from aircraft and automobile windows also dramatically enhances the sensitivity and reaction time of hydrogen sensors. Hydrogen sensor technology is a critical component for safety and other practical concerns in the proposed hydrogen economy. For example, hydrogen sensors will detect leaks from hydrogen-powered cars and fueling stations long before the gas becomes an explosive hazard.
Faster tree growth may not stem global warming
03 April, 2007
A new study, published today in Science, indicates that the potential for soils to soak up atmospheric carbon dioxide is strongly affected by how long roots live. Large differences in root replacement rates between forest types might alter current predictions of how carbon absorption by soil will act to ameliorate global warming from excess human-caused carbon dioxide.
Argonne-designed instruments vital in RHIC discovery
02 April, 2007
Argonne researchers played a significant role in research that led to the surprising finding of a possible ideal liquid instead of the expected quark-gluon plasma at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider.
New catalyst could help diesels meet NOx deadlines
02 April, 2007
A new catalyst could help auto makers meet the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's deadline to eliminate 95 percent of nitrogen-oxide from diesel engine exhausts by 2007, while saving energy.
Argonne's near-frictionless carbon coatings find new use
01 April, 2007
A research collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the Kurt J. Lesker Company will study the durability of nearly frictionless carbon surface coatings in high-performance, vacuum environments.
Argonne, industry to tackle end-of-life vehicle recycling
01 April, 2007
The 'junk' from junked cars will find new uses under a new research partnership for recycling plastics. A five-year cooperative research agreement brings together the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, the American Plastics Council and the Vehicle Recycling Partnership of USCAR, a consortium of DaimlerChrysler Corp., Ford Motor Co. and General Motors Corp. The agreement will build on recycling technology developed at Argonne to create a cost-effective process for recycling end-of-life vehicles.
Argonne research could lead to cooler aluminum production
31 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and NorandaFalconbridge, Inc. are developing a way to produce aluminum at significantly reduced temperatures. The collaborative research effort could eventually lead to significant reductions in the energy costs and emissions of greenhouse gases associated with aluminum production.
Ceramic membranes could help fuel hydrogen future
31 March, 2007
Ceramic membranes developed at Argonne could bring fuel-cell cars closer to reality by efficiently and inexpensively extracting hydrogen from fossil fuels. 'Ceramic membranes make possible the widespread use of hydrogen,' said senior ceramist Balu Balachandran. 'Hydrogen is a fuel of choice for the future. This technology provides the means to get there.' Balachandran is section manager of the ceramics section in Argonne's Energy Technology Division.
Water cleanup is for the birds
30 March, 2007
In an environmental restoration effort that will benefit birds and humans alike, scientists in Argonne's Environmental Research Division are helping to restore a wetland wildlife sanctuary near Utica, Neb., while cleaning up the town's contaminated groundwater. This is the first time that spray irrigation, commonly used on farms, has been used to restore both groundwater and wetlands.
Researchers explore confinement of light with metal nanoparticles
30 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory are making strides towards understanding and manipulating light at the nanoscale by using the unusual optical properties of metal nanoparticles, opening the door to microscopic-sized devices such as optical circuits and switches.
DISSCO makes music for Argonne, UIUC researchers
29 March, 2007
A mathematician and a musician have teamed up to create a new computer program that both composes music and creates the instrumentation to play it. The software is available for free from SourceForge.net.
Counting atoms that aren't there, in stars that no longer exist
29 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have reached for the stars, and seen what's inside. Argonne scientists, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Chicago, Washington University and the Universita di Torino in Italy, examined stardust from a meteorite and found remnants of now-extinct technetium atoms made in stars long ago.
Argonne researchers becoming nation's experts in lithium-battery technology
28 March, 2007
Next-generation soldiers will wear vests with a battery to power the many high-tech devices that modern soldiers use in battle. Argonne, the nation's expert in lithium battery research, is developing the materials and cell chemistry for that battery.
75-year-old molecular-chemistry reaction-rate problem solved
28 March, 2007
A 75-year-old problem in molecular chemistry has been solved by a team of researchers from Argonne and several other institutions. For the first time, theory and experiment have converged, enabling chemists to predict the rate of a chemical reaction with near-perfect accuracy.
New technology could fuel biorefinery growth
27 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and Archer Daniels Midland Co. are developing a separative bioreactor that efficiently turns sugar from corn into valuable chemicals. The technology could help bio-based chemicals replace large amounts of petrochemicals, thereby reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil, benefiting rural economies and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
New technique dates Saharan groundwater as million years old
27 March, 2007
The Sahara Desert was once a lush, green landscape dotted with lakes and ponds. Evidence of this past verdancy lies hidden beneath the sands of Egypt and Libya, in the form of a huge aquifer of fresh groundwater. An international team of geologists and physicists has found that this groundwater has been flowing slowly northward (at about the rate grass grows) for the past million years. Their findings are published in the March issue of Geophysical Research Letters.
New bioreactor could pave way for chemical feed stocks from biomass
26 March, 2007
When Argonne biochemical engineer Seth Snyder drives past a corn field on the outskirts of Chicago, he sees the potential to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil while benefiting rural economies. Snyder and his colleagues in Argonne's Energy Systems Division are partners with agribusiness giant Archer Daniels Midland Co., Decatur, Ill., in a cooperative research and development agreement to develop a technology that turns corn sugars into valuable chemicals.
Electricity controls nanocrystal shape
26 March, 2007
Wires, tubes and brushes make it possible to build and maintain the machines and devices we use on a daily basis. Now, with help from a surprising source, these same building blocks can easily be created on a scale 10,000 times smaller than the period at the end of this sentence.
SAMM to boost microscopy capabilities
25 March, 2007
The U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory will soon be home to a new Sub-Angstrom Microscopy and Microanalysis facility, which will house four cutting-edge electron microscopes. Construction is underway and is expected to be complete next summer.
X-ray method speeds study of mineral-water interfaces
25 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have taken the guesswork out of interfacial structure determination. Their work is published in the April 10 issue of Surface Science Letters.
Inspection technologies protect and enhance materials for power plants
24 March, 2007
In modern healthcare, doctors use imaging tools, such as X-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance and ultrasound, to see beneath the patient's skin without making a single incision. Researchers in Argonne's Energy Technology Division are adapting these and other technologies to evaluate critical components of modern energy systems that push the limits to achieve maximum efficiency.
First 3-D look at diesel particles gives clues to cleaner engines
24 March, 2007
In the first use ever of a new three-dimensional technique to study diesel engine emissions, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory developed information that could lead to improved exhaust-cleaning devices, ways for industry to meet environmental regulations, and new insights on the impact to public health from diesel engine emissions.
Split beamlines can double research capacity at Advanced Photon Source
23 March, 2007
A new beamline dedicated this summer at the Advanced Photon Source sets a new standard for structural biology research at synchrotrons. The GM/CA CAT facility exploits the latest technology to double the number of beamlines and create finer X-ray beams to capture data from hard-to-study biomolecules.
Argonne to play major role in new computer facility
23 March, 2007
The U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory will play a major role in the development of a new national computational science facility aimed at deploying a supercomputer capable of sustained performance of 100 trillion floating-point operations per second.
Argonne researchers create new diamond-nanotube composite material
22 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have combined the world's hardest known material, diamond, with the world's strongest structural form, carbon nanotubes. This new process for
Argonne, U of Wisconsin engineers visualize electric memory as it fades
22 March, 2007
While the memory inside electronic devices may often be more reliable than ours, it too can worsen over time. Now a team of scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may understand why. The results are published in the June 6 edition of the journal Nature Materials.
Diamond nanotube technology promises new electronics products
21 March, 2007
The newest promising material for advanced technology applications is diamond nanotubes, and research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory is giving new insight into the nature of nanodiamond.
Studies on electric polarization open potential for tinier devices
21 March, 2007
Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and Northern Illinois University have shown that very thin materials can still retain an electric polarization, opening the potential for a wide range of tiny devices.
Stable, bright X-ray beam provides better data
20 March, 2007
What a difference a decade makes. Ten years ago the Advanced Photon Source produced its first light. Since then the APS has focused on continuous improvement to provide the best beamlines for science research. Its accelerator physicists pioneered a technique called 'top-up' to replenish the particle beam for optimal beam performance. The APS provides the most brilliant X-ray beams in the Western Hemisphere for research, and the beams are extremely stable and reliable.
Researchers use x rays to visualize the sloshing of electrons in water molecules
20 March, 2007
Researchers used x rays to visualize the sloshing of electrons in water molecules. They then calculated the wake of electron motion that would surround a gold ion moving through the fluid.
Argonne, Notre Dame begin new nuclear theory initiative
19 March, 2007
Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Notre Dame have begun a new collaborative project to explore and explain the physics of rare nuclear isotopes.
Nanoparticles, super-absorbent gel clean radioactivity from porous structures
19 March, 2007
Porous structures, such as brick and concrete, are notoriously hard to clean when contaminated with certain types of radioactive materials. Now, thanks to researchers in Argonne's Chemical Engineering Division, a new technique is being developed that can effectively decontaminate these structures in the event of exposure to radioactive elements.
GREETing a cleaner, more energy-efficient future
18 March, 2007
With gas prices soaring, the fuel and vehicle options open to Americans are more varied than ever. But what fuel and vehicle combination provides the lowest total emissions with the highest energy efficiency?
Scientists determine structure of staph, anthrax enzyme
18 March, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago have determined the crystal structure of sortase B, an enzyme found in the bacteria that cause staph and anthrax. While an antibiotic is probably five to seven years away, the structure could provide the first clue in developing a treatment for the infections.
Rapid cooling technology could aid surgery patients, heart attack victims
17 March, 2007
A promising new approach to saving stroke and cardiac arrest victims is also being investigated as a technique to improve laparoscopic surgery. Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago have developed a specially engineered ice slurry that cools organs, allowing doctors more time to treat patients.
Flying nanotubes are strong and hard
17 March, 2007
Diamonds are the hardest known substance. Carbon nanotubes are the strongest. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory tried to combine the best of both worlds by creating a composite nanostructure. They wanted to grow tiny carbon tubes with tiny diamonds.
Recycling automotive plastics is profitable and good for the environment
16 March, 2007
Recycling is not just good for the environment, it is good for business. Argonne researchers have developed a technology to successfully recover plastic from obsolete automobiles that may add plastic to the list of valuable materials recycled from old cars and trucks.
Proteins can be attached to diamond layer to create bio-sensors
16 March, 2007
In research that may lead to revolutions in bio-sensing and biomedical implants, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have pioneered a process to affix organic molecules to the surface of a thin layer of diamond.
Argonne researchers discover keys to improving commercial magnet technology
15 March, 2007
Permanent magnets are important in a broad variety of commercial technologies, from car starters to alternators for wind power generation to computer hard drives. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have found new clues to making those magnets longer-lasting and more powerful.
Energy Technology researchers solve energy and medical problems
15 March, 2007
Argonne's Energy Technology Division provides innovative materials and engineering solutions to national energy challenges that range from energy production and conservation to transportation. Researchers also find creative ways to re-use and extend the value of their discoveries.
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