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Guides
Copper
Copper conducts heat well and resists corrosion and is used worldwide in pipes and tubing to distribute both hot and cold fluids. Pure copper (greater than 99.95%) is called electrolytic copper (EC). Copper is a great conductor of electricity and even small amounts of impurities in copper can seriously reduce its ability to conduct electricity. Copper is also a major player in various other applications such as cables, computers, coins, radiators and energy. Alloys are many, the most common ones being brass (primarily with zinc) and bronze (primarily with tin).
 
Advantages 
  • Excellent electrical and thermal conductor
  • Malleable and ductile - good for bending copper pipes into shapes
  • Attractive look
  • Very durable
  • Corrosion resistant
  • Antibacterial
  • Easily joined
  • Tough
  • Non-magnetic
  • Easy to alloy
  • Recyclable
  • Catalytic.
 
Disadvantages
  • Expensive
  • Not very strong - can be bent and broken easily
  • Tarnishes and can corrode quickly if left exposed to the air
Graphene film for efficient cooling of electronics
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a method for efficiently cooling electronics using graphene-based film. The film has a thermal conductivity capacity that is four times that of copper
UK Steel issues safety warning on Chinese imports
UK Steel, the trade body for the UK steel industry, has issued a safety warning about the use of Chinese steel.
Range of specialised bronzes expanded
Special bronze alloy dealer FRW CAROBRONZE has expanded its line of highly specialised copper alloys with forged or extruded CuNi14Al2 (UN14A2) and forged or extruded high-strength bronzes CuZn19Al6 (UZ19A6) and C
Selective brush plating for industrial applications
"Why take the surface to the tank when you can take the tank to the surface?’ is the idea on which the portable, selective brush plating process is based. Derek Vanek of SIFCO Applied Surface Concepts (ASC) - part of Norman Hay - discusses the application benefits and possibilities of selective pla
Vanguards of UK industry showcase antimicrobial copper
Five UK companies are contributing antimicrobial copper products to outfit the Copper Hospital at this year's MEDICA Trade Fa
Climate Center: new refrigeration tube guidance set to unify UK with EU
Revised guidance on the selection of copper tube and fittings for use in refrigeration and air conditioning systems has been agreed by two leading industry bodies. The Institute of Refrigeration and British Refrig
Graphene Markets, Technologies and Opportunities 2014-2024
New research by Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh, Head of Consulting, IDTechEx shows that graphene markets will grow from around $20 million in 2014 to more than $390 million in 2024, at the material level. The market will be split across many application sectors; each attracting a different type of graphene
Nano-thin protective layer of copper reduces friction in heavy machinery
Nanotechnology can be employed to reduce friction, in everything from cosmetics to paint, or steel and even toothpaste. It is also used in the oil and lubrication businesses. But how can microscopic particles help reduce fossil-fuel use and extend the life of components for some of the heaviest and
Dedicated manufacturing unit established for vacuum brazing
Surface engineering specialist Tecvac has established a dedicated cell for production of complex components by vacuum brazing. The unit is designed to braze ′one-off’ and development components but also has the capacity to produce high volumes of commercial parts using vacuum furnaces of varyi
Conductive Inks: booming to $2.8 billion by 2024
The conductive ink and paste business is segmented, consisting of many emerging and mature markets. In the new report Conductive Ink Markets 2014-2024: Forecasts, Technologies, Players IDTechEx sees the market experiencing 4.5% CAGR over the coming decade, although growth will be unevenly spread wit
Russian investment in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production
UC Rusal announces investment of over USD5.5 million in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production. The first samples of high-tech products have already been certified by consumers.
Assessing the real opportunity for graphene in a fragmented market
Graphene has enormous commercial potential. Its growth however is being hampered by two factors. First is the fact that there is market confusion and uncertainty across the different types of graphene and different manufacturing processes. The second is that, in many cases, graphene is attempting to
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Custom production plant for graphene commissioned in North of England
Applied Graphene Materials (AGM) has commissioned CPI to build a graphene production plant at Wilton, capable of producing 1 tonne per year of graphene nanoplatelets, based upon its proprietary production methodology.
Stanene could replace graphene with 100% electrical conductivity
Even copper's high electrical conductivity is beginning to hold back computers as scientists push the material to its limits. Now, a new material made from a single layer of tin atoms could make history by becomi
Metal finishing for 3D printing
Supplier of 3D printed parts produced in high performance materials, Graphite Additive Manufacturing, is partnering with electroplating company BJS Group.
European Commission awards EUR 3.3 million for ultraconductive copper development
The University of Cambridge is among a consortium of 14 companies and universities that has signed a EUR 3.3 million funding contract through the European Commission’s FP7 programme. Termed Ultrawire, the project aims to bring ultraconductive
High-voltage motors for Kazakh single mine copper development
WEG has supplied H- and M-line machines to drive production facilities at the Bozshakol Clay Project in Kazakhstan. Bozshakol is the largest single mine development in the former Soviet Union by both scope and volume of production.
Crucible designed for aluminium smelting and holding
The Molten Metal Systems business of Morgan Advanced Materials has further extended its acclaimed Syncarb Z2 crucible family with the introduction of a new crucible designed to provide longer service life and increased energy savings for the aluminium processing industry.
New door hardware for healthcare facilities made with antimicrobial copper
Ingersoll Rand unveiled its new ActivClean portfolio of door hardware, made from Antimicrobial Copper, at the 2013 ASHE Conference and Exhibition. The global industrial giant joins a rapidly-growing list of compan
Steel-cored copper a defence mechanism against copper theft?
Some utility companies are making power stations more physically secure, while others are choosing to use Copperweld wiring instead. This bimetallic electrical conductor has a steel core and copper on the outside.
Soft robotic devices using water-based gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water-based hydrogel material that can be patterned, folded and used to manipulate objects. The technique holds promise for use in "soft robotics’ and biomedical applications.
Green Alliance: UK needs industrial strategy that takes resource risk seriously
According to the conclusions of the first report from the Circular Economy Task Force, UK businesses can’t tackle resource risks effectively until the government’s industrial strategy takes them seriously. What’s at stake is rebuilding a viable manufacturing economy for the future. Other countries a
Hand-held tube straightening tool
KwixUk has designed and patented a hand-held tube straightening tool, which can easily and accurately straighten tube from a coil.
Antimicrobial copper: guidance on alloy selection
A new publication offers designers, manufacturers and specifiers guidance on identifying the most appropriate copper alloy for a product where the intrinsic antimicrobial characteristics of
Video file: Microwave refracting composites allow invisibility cloaks to be built on 3D printer
A team led by scientists at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering has demonstrated the first working "invisibility cloak." The cloak deflects microwave beams so they flow around a "hidden" object inside with little distortion, making it appear almost as if nothing were there at all.
Using constant current control for metal purification
In the vast world of power supply applications, there are two main categories for regulating the power applied to the load. The first is constant voltage, where the control loop maintains a constant voltage to varying load current demands. The second, constant current, is where the current is mainta
Paper, light and foldable, a means of generating electrically conducting structures
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces have created targeted conductive structures on paper using a method that is quite simple: with a conventional inkjet printer, they printed a catalyst on a sheet of paper and then heated it. The printed areas on the paper were thereby
Electrostrictive polymer twitches and wrinkles to combat marine biofouling
By twitching their skin, ships may soon be able to shed the unwanted accumulation of bacteria and other marine growth with the flick of a switch. Duke University engineers have developed a material that can be applied like paint to the hull of a ship and will literally be able to dislodge bacteria,
Regional Growth Fund will boost development of proprietary aluminium casting alloy
Business Minister Michael Fallon has visited the Rochester aerospace firm Aeromet that has secured just over £1 million from the government’s Regional Growth Fund.
Silicone-based flexible polymer for optical waveguides
At the Photonics West conference, Dow Corning and IBM scientists have unveiled a new type of silicone-based polymer to transmit light instead of electrical signals within supercomputers and data centres. It offers better physical properties, including robustness and flexibility, making it ideal for
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Flexible composite heatshield coating combines reflection and conduction
Engineers who previously have had to rely on multiple products to protect composites and heat-sensitive parts from different forms of heat damage can now specify a single coating or heatshield, thanks to its unique combination of ceramic and gold.
The longest jointless hollow conductor in the world?
Hollow conductors are used in a number of applications including particle accelerators, MRI scanners, plasma research devices and induction furnaces. Now, Luvata has introduced Mileon, believed to be the longest seamless hollow conductor currently available on the market.
Atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) makes producing biocompatible and super-absorbent materials easier
Acrylic acid-based polymers and co-polymers can now be synthesised using free radical chemistry, thanks to new ligand–initiator type molecules.
Supplier of porous ceramic media for filtration undergoes restructuring
Fairey Filtration Systems has now officially been renamed Mantec Technical Ceramics and, within the wider Mantec Group, sits alongside those other companies at the 8000sq.m. Stoke-on-Trent headquarters with technical ceramics expertise and advanced manufacturing facilities.
Materials science microscopy imaging software family with improved features
Olympus has launched the latest version of its Stream materials science microscopy imaging software family. Olympus Stream 1.8 provides new and improved features, enhancing the overall capabilities of the software to help users fully integrate and automate their workflows.
Preventing wear in electronics production
In a solution to clamp damage in PCB production, the damaged clamps migrate in a circular path within the production facility as if on a carousel. And, like the PCBs that they hold, a new thin layer of copper is p
Invisible graphene barrier wards off copper corrosion
An invisible coating has been shown to make copper nearly 100 times more resistant to corrosion, creating tremendous potential for metal protection, even in harsh environments.
Hygiene grants for newbuilds and renovations using antimicrobial copper
Antimicrobial Copper touch surfaces - such as door handles, push plates, handrails, taps and light switches - are already being used in healthcare facilities around the world to help reduce the spread of healthcar
AA205 cast aluminium alloy gains AMS specifications
Aeromet International has developed a new high strength aluminium cast alloy registered with the Aluminium Association as AA205.
Antimicrobial copper abrasive water jet cutting
UK company PP Plasma Ltd is now offering an Antimicrobial Copper cutting service, able to cut or process antimicrobial copper
Innovative wire rod production for cable industry
UC Rusal has stepped up production of the rare-earth and transition metals used in aluminium alloys to create wire rod for the cable industry, having completed the R&D stage and entered production.
Power cables light the future path of superconductivity
One hundred years ago in April 2011, superconductivity was discovered in the lab of Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Since then many more materials have shown to be superconducting, providing new applications and creating a new realm of physics.
Aluminium as a conductor - the benefits increase as copper prices soar
With the price of copper widely predicted to break through the $10,000(US) per tonne mark, Legrand has underlined the benefits of its aluminium Zucchini busbars and cast resin transformers.
Recycling to reduce Volvo's environmental footprint can give its old trucks a new lease of life
A truck straight off the factory assembly line may not be quite as new as it seems. One-third of the vehicle
DCOIT (4,5-Dichloro-2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one) recommended by EU Competent Authorities for approval for anti-fouling products
After five years of evaluation and following stringent and demanding risk assessment methodology, Dow Microbial Controls' active substance DCOIT has been recommended for approval and inclusion into Annex I of the Biocidal Products Directive for Product Type 21 antifouling products.
ROGERS CORPORATION USES VICTREX APTIV FILM TO CREATE FLEXIBLE, ADHESIVE-LESS LAMINATES
Delamination caused by deteriorating adhesives that traditionally bond the layers of laminate structures can lead to premature product failure. Adhesives often deteriorate when exposed to high temperatures, moisture or chemicals. To solve this problem, Rogers Corporation, a manufacturer of high-end
Splat process - interaction of free falling copper droplets with heated substrates
Researchers have been investigating the processes involved when coatings are applied to materials since the physical mechanisms underlying interactions between surfaces and the coatings sprayed onto them are poorly understood.
New developments in high performance solder products for power die assemblies
The use of special purpose solder pastes in power die attach is well-established offering low voiding and reliable bonding in volume manufacturing. However these materials are designed around high lead alloys and applied by dispensing. IGBT circuits are made by printing high tin alloys to multiple d
Graphene film for efficient cooling of electronics
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a method for efficiently cooling electronics using graphene-based film. The film has a thermal conductivity capacity that is four times that of copper
UK Steel issues safety warning on Chinese imports
UK Steel, the trade body for the UK steel industry, has issued a safety warning about the use of Chinese steel.
Range of specialised bronzes expanded
Special bronze alloy dealer FRW CAROBRONZE has expanded its line of highly specialised copper alloys with forged or extruded CuNi14Al2 (UN14A2) and forged or extruded high-strength bronzes CuZn19Al6 (UZ19A6) and C
Selective brush plating for industrial applications
"Why take the surface to the tank when you can take the tank to the surface?’ is the idea on which the portable, selective brush plating process is based. Derek Vanek of SIFCO Applied Surface Concepts (ASC) - part of Norman Hay - discusses the application benefits and possibilities of selective pla
Vanguards of UK industry showcase antimicrobial copper
Five UK companies are contributing antimicrobial copper products to outfit the Copper Hospital at this year's MEDICA Trade Fa
Climate Center: new refrigeration tube guidance set to unify UK with EU
Revised guidance on the selection of copper tube and fittings for use in refrigeration and air conditioning systems has been agreed by two leading industry bodies. The Institute of Refrigeration and British Refrig
Graphene Markets, Technologies and Opportunities 2014-2024
New research by Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh, Head of Consulting, IDTechEx shows that graphene markets will grow from around $20 million in 2014 to more than $390 million in 2024, at the material level. The market will be split across many application sectors; each attracting a different type of graphene
Nano-thin protective layer of copper reduces friction in heavy machinery
Nanotechnology can be employed to reduce friction, in everything from cosmetics to paint, or steel and even toothpaste. It is also used in the oil and lubrication businesses. But how can microscopic particles help reduce fossil-fuel use and extend the life of components for some of the heaviest and
Dedicated manufacturing unit established for vacuum brazing
Surface engineering specialist Tecvac has established a dedicated cell for production of complex components by vacuum brazing. The unit is designed to braze ′one-off’ and development components but also has the capacity to produce high volumes of commercial parts using vacuum furnaces of varyi
Conductive Inks: booming to $2.8 billion by 2024
The conductive ink and paste business is segmented, consisting of many emerging and mature markets. In the new report Conductive Ink Markets 2014-2024: Forecasts, Technologies, Players IDTechEx sees the market experiencing 4.5% CAGR over the coming decade, although growth will be unevenly spread wit
Russian investment in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production
UC Rusal announces investment of over USD5.5 million in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production. The first samples of high-tech products have already been certified by consumers.
Assessing the real opportunity for graphene in a fragmented market
Graphene has enormous commercial potential. Its growth however is being hampered by two factors. First is the fact that there is market confusion and uncertainty across the different types of graphene and different manufacturing processes. The second is that, in many cases, graphene is attempting to
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Custom production plant for graphene commissioned in North of England
Applied Graphene Materials (AGM) has commissioned CPI to build a graphene production plant at Wilton, capable of producing 1 tonne per year of graphene nanoplatelets, based upon its proprietary production methodology.
Stanene could replace graphene with 100% electrical conductivity
Even copper's high electrical conductivity is beginning to hold back computers as scientists push the material to its limits. Now, a new material made from a single layer of tin atoms could make history by becomi
Metal finishing for 3D printing
Supplier of 3D printed parts produced in high performance materials, Graphite Additive Manufacturing, is partnering with electroplating company BJS Group.
European Commission awards EUR 3.3 million for ultraconductive copper development
The University of Cambridge is among a consortium of 14 companies and universities that has signed a EUR 3.3 million funding contract through the European Commission’s FP7 programme. Termed Ultrawire, the project aims to bring ultraconductive
High-voltage motors for Kazakh single mine copper development
WEG has supplied H- and M-line machines to drive production facilities at the Bozshakol Clay Project in Kazakhstan. Bozshakol is the largest single mine development in the former Soviet Union by both scope and volume of production.
Crucible designed for aluminium smelting and holding
The Molten Metal Systems business of Morgan Advanced Materials has further extended its acclaimed Syncarb Z2 crucible family with the introduction of a new crucible designed to provide longer service life and increased energy savings for the aluminium processing industry.
New door hardware for healthcare facilities made with antimicrobial copper
Ingersoll Rand unveiled its new ActivClean portfolio of door hardware, made from Antimicrobial Copper, at the 2013 ASHE Conference and Exhibition. The global industrial giant joins a rapidly-growing list of compan
Steel-cored copper a defence mechanism against copper theft?
Some utility companies are making power stations more physically secure, while others are choosing to use Copperweld wiring instead. This bimetallic electrical conductor has a steel core and copper on the outside.
Soft robotic devices using water-based gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water-based hydrogel material that can be patterned, folded and used to manipulate objects. The technique holds promise for use in "soft robotics’ and biomedical applications.
Green Alliance: UK needs industrial strategy that takes resource risk seriously
According to the conclusions of the first report from the Circular Economy Task Force, UK businesses can’t tackle resource risks effectively until the government’s industrial strategy takes them seriously. What’s at stake is rebuilding a viable manufacturing economy for the future. Other countries a
Hand-held tube straightening tool
KwixUk has designed and patented a hand-held tube straightening tool, which can easily and accurately straighten tube from a coil.
Antimicrobial copper: guidance on alloy selection
A new publication offers designers, manufacturers and specifiers guidance on identifying the most appropriate copper alloy for a product where the intrinsic antimicrobial characteristics of
Video file: Microwave refracting composites allow invisibility cloaks to be built on 3D printer
A team led by scientists at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering has demonstrated the first working "invisibility cloak." The cloak deflects microwave beams so they flow around a "hidden" object inside with little distortion, making it appear almost as if nothing were there at all.
Using constant current control for metal purification
In the vast world of power supply applications, there are two main categories for regulating the power applied to the load. The first is constant voltage, where the control loop maintains a constant voltage to varying load current demands. The second, constant current, is where the current is mainta
Paper, light and foldable, a means of generating electrically conducting structures
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces have created targeted conductive structures on paper using a method that is quite simple: with a conventional inkjet printer, they printed a catalyst on a sheet of paper and then heated it. The printed areas on the paper were thereby
Electrostrictive polymer twitches and wrinkles to combat marine biofouling
By twitching their skin, ships may soon be able to shed the unwanted accumulation of bacteria and other marine growth with the flick of a switch. Duke University engineers have developed a material that can be applied like paint to the hull of a ship and will literally be able to dislodge bacteria,
Regional Growth Fund will boost development of proprietary aluminium casting alloy
Business Minister Michael Fallon has visited the Rochester aerospace firm Aeromet that has secured just over £1 million from the government’s Regional Growth Fund.
Silicone-based flexible polymer for optical waveguides
At the Photonics West conference, Dow Corning and IBM scientists have unveiled a new type of silicone-based polymer to transmit light instead of electrical signals within supercomputers and data centres. It offers better physical properties, including robustness and flexibility, making it ideal for
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Flexible composite heatshield coating combines reflection and conduction
Engineers who previously have had to rely on multiple products to protect composites and heat-sensitive parts from different forms of heat damage can now specify a single coating or heatshield, thanks to its unique combination of ceramic and gold.
The longest jointless hollow conductor in the world?
Hollow conductors are used in a number of applications including particle accelerators, MRI scanners, plasma research devices and induction furnaces. Now, Luvata has introduced Mileon, believed to be the longest seamless hollow conductor currently available on the market.
Atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) makes producing biocompatible and super-absorbent materials easier
Acrylic acid-based polymers and co-polymers can now be synthesised using free radical chemistry, thanks to new ligand–initiator type molecules.
Supplier of porous ceramic media for filtration undergoes restructuring
Fairey Filtration Systems has now officially been renamed Mantec Technical Ceramics and, within the wider Mantec Group, sits alongside those other companies at the 8000sq.m. Stoke-on-Trent headquarters with technical ceramics expertise and advanced manufacturing facilities.
Materials science microscopy imaging software family with improved features
Olympus has launched the latest version of its Stream materials science microscopy imaging software family. Olympus Stream 1.8 provides new and improved features, enhancing the overall capabilities of the software to help users fully integrate and automate their workflows.
Preventing wear in electronics production
In a solution to clamp damage in PCB production, the damaged clamps migrate in a circular path within the production facility as if on a carousel. And, like the PCBs that they hold, a new thin layer of copper is p
Invisible graphene barrier wards off copper corrosion
An invisible coating has been shown to make copper nearly 100 times more resistant to corrosion, creating tremendous potential for metal protection, even in harsh environments.
Hygiene grants for newbuilds and renovations using antimicrobial copper
Antimicrobial Copper touch surfaces - such as door handles, push plates, handrails, taps and light switches - are already being used in healthcare facilities around the world to help reduce the spread of healthcar
AA205 cast aluminium alloy gains AMS specifications
Aeromet International has developed a new high strength aluminium cast alloy registered with the Aluminium Association as AA205.
Antimicrobial copper abrasive water jet cutting
UK company PP Plasma Ltd is now offering an Antimicrobial Copper cutting service, able to cut or process antimicrobial copper
Innovative wire rod production for cable industry
UC Rusal has stepped up production of the rare-earth and transition metals used in aluminium alloys to create wire rod for the cable industry, having completed the R&D stage and entered production.
Power cables light the future path of superconductivity
One hundred years ago in April 2011, superconductivity was discovered in the lab of Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Since then many more materials have shown to be superconducting, providing new applications and creating a new realm of physics.
Aluminium as a conductor - the benefits increase as copper prices soar
With the price of copper widely predicted to break through the $10,000(US) per tonne mark, Legrand has underlined the benefits of its aluminium Zucchini busbars and cast resin transformers.
Recycling to reduce Volvo's environmental footprint can give its old trucks a new lease of life
A truck straight off the factory assembly line may not be quite as new as it seems. One-third of the vehicle
DCOIT (4,5-Dichloro-2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one) recommended by EU Competent Authorities for approval for anti-fouling products
After five years of evaluation and following stringent and demanding risk assessment methodology, Dow Microbial Controls' active substance DCOIT has been recommended for approval and inclusion into Annex I of the Biocidal Products Directive for Product Type 21 antifouling products.
ROGERS CORPORATION USES VICTREX APTIV FILM TO CREATE FLEXIBLE, ADHESIVE-LESS LAMINATES
Delamination caused by deteriorating adhesives that traditionally bond the layers of laminate structures can lead to premature product failure. Adhesives often deteriorate when exposed to high temperatures, moisture or chemicals. To solve this problem, Rogers Corporation, a manufacturer of high-end
Splat process - interaction of free falling copper droplets with heated substrates
Researchers have been investigating the processes involved when coatings are applied to materials since the physical mechanisms underlying interactions between surfaces and the coatings sprayed onto them are poorly understood.
New developments in high performance solder products for power die assemblies
The use of special purpose solder pastes in power die attach is well-established offering low voiding and reliable bonding in volume manufacturing. However these materials are designed around high lead alloys and applied by dispensing. IGBT circuits are made by printing high tin alloys to multiple d
Graphene film for efficient cooling of electronics
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a method for efficiently cooling electronics using graphene-based film. The film has a thermal conductivity capacity that is four times that of copper
UK Steel issues safety warning on Chinese imports
UK Steel, the trade body for the UK steel industry, has issued a safety warning about the use of Chinese steel.
Range of specialised bronzes expanded
Special bronze alloy dealer FRW CAROBRONZE has expanded its line of highly specialised copper alloys with forged or extruded CuNi14Al2 (UN14A2) and forged or extruded high-strength bronzes CuZn19Al6 (UZ19A6) and C
Selective brush plating for industrial applications
"Why take the surface to the tank when you can take the tank to the surface?’ is the idea on which the portable, selective brush plating process is based. Derek Vanek of SIFCO Applied Surface Concepts (ASC) - part of Norman Hay - discusses the application benefits and possibilities of selective pla
Vanguards of UK industry showcase antimicrobial copper
Five UK companies are contributing antimicrobial copper products to outfit the Copper Hospital at this year's MEDICA Trade Fa
Climate Center: new refrigeration tube guidance set to unify UK with EU
Revised guidance on the selection of copper tube and fittings for use in refrigeration and air conditioning systems has been agreed by two leading industry bodies. The Institute of Refrigeration and British Refrig
Graphene Markets, Technologies and Opportunities 2014-2024
New research by Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh, Head of Consulting, IDTechEx shows that graphene markets will grow from around $20 million in 2014 to more than $390 million in 2024, at the material level. The market will be split across many application sectors; each attracting a different type of graphene
Nano-thin protective layer of copper reduces friction in heavy machinery
Nanotechnology can be employed to reduce friction, in everything from cosmetics to paint, or steel and even toothpaste. It is also used in the oil and lubrication businesses. But how can microscopic particles help reduce fossil-fuel use and extend the life of components for some of the heaviest and
Dedicated manufacturing unit established for vacuum brazing
Surface engineering specialist Tecvac has established a dedicated cell for production of complex components by vacuum brazing. The unit is designed to braze ′one-off’ and development components but also has the capacity to produce high volumes of commercial parts using vacuum furnaces of varyi
Conductive Inks: booming to $2.8 billion by 2024
The conductive ink and paste business is segmented, consisting of many emerging and mature markets. In the new report Conductive Ink Markets 2014-2024: Forecasts, Technologies, Players IDTechEx sees the market experiencing 4.5% CAGR over the coming decade, although growth will be unevenly spread wit
Russian investment in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production
UC Rusal announces investment of over USD5.5 million in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production. The first samples of high-tech products have already been certified by consumers.
Assessing the real opportunity for graphene in a fragmented market
Graphene has enormous commercial potential. Its growth however is being hampered by two factors. First is the fact that there is market confusion and uncertainty across the different types of graphene and different manufacturing processes. The second is that, in many cases, graphene is attempting to
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Custom production plant for graphene commissioned in North of England
Applied Graphene Materials (AGM) has commissioned CPI to build a graphene production plant at Wilton, capable of producing 1 tonne per year of graphene nanoplatelets, based upon its proprietary production methodology.
Stanene could replace graphene with 100% electrical conductivity
Even copper's high electrical conductivity is beginning to hold back computers as scientists push the material to its limits. Now, a new material made from a single layer of tin atoms could make history by becomi
Metal finishing for 3D printing
Supplier of 3D printed parts produced in high performance materials, Graphite Additive Manufacturing, is partnering with electroplating company BJS Group.
European Commission awards EUR 3.3 million for ultraconductive copper development
The University of Cambridge is among a consortium of 14 companies and universities that has signed a EUR 3.3 million funding contract through the European Commission’s FP7 programme. Termed Ultrawire, the project aims to bring ultraconductive
High-voltage motors for Kazakh single mine copper development
WEG has supplied H- and M-line machines to drive production facilities at the Bozshakol Clay Project in Kazakhstan. Bozshakol is the largest single mine development in the former Soviet Union by both scope and volume of production.
Crucible designed for aluminium smelting and holding
The Molten Metal Systems business of Morgan Advanced Materials has further extended its acclaimed Syncarb Z2 crucible family with the introduction of a new crucible designed to provide longer service life and increased energy savings for the aluminium processing industry.
New door hardware for healthcare facilities made with antimicrobial copper
Ingersoll Rand unveiled its new ActivClean portfolio of door hardware, made from Antimicrobial Copper, at the 2013 ASHE Conference and Exhibition. The global industrial giant joins a rapidly-growing list of compan
Steel-cored copper a defence mechanism against copper theft?
Some utility companies are making power stations more physically secure, while others are choosing to use Copperweld wiring instead. This bimetallic electrical conductor has a steel core and copper on the outside.
Soft robotic devices using water-based gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water-based hydrogel material that can be patterned, folded and used to manipulate objects. The technique holds promise for use in "soft robotics’ and biomedical applications.
Green Alliance: UK needs industrial strategy that takes resource risk seriously
According to the conclusions of the first report from the Circular Economy Task Force, UK businesses can’t tackle resource risks effectively until the government’s industrial strategy takes them seriously. What’s at stake is rebuilding a viable manufacturing economy for the future. Other countries a
Hand-held tube straightening tool
KwixUk has designed and patented a hand-held tube straightening tool, which can easily and accurately straighten tube from a coil.
Antimicrobial copper: guidance on alloy selection
A new publication offers designers, manufacturers and specifiers guidance on identifying the most appropriate copper alloy for a product where the intrinsic antimicrobial characteristics of
Video file: Microwave refracting composites allow invisibility cloaks to be built on 3D printer
A team led by scientists at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering has demonstrated the first working "invisibility cloak." The cloak deflects microwave beams so they flow around a "hidden" object inside with little distortion, making it appear almost as if nothing were there at all.
Using constant current control for metal purification
In the vast world of power supply applications, there are two main categories for regulating the power applied to the load. The first is constant voltage, where the control loop maintains a constant voltage to varying load current demands. The second, constant current, is where the current is mainta
Paper, light and foldable, a means of generating electrically conducting structures
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces have created targeted conductive structures on paper using a method that is quite simple: with a conventional inkjet printer, they printed a catalyst on a sheet of paper and then heated it. The printed areas on the paper were thereby
Electrostrictive polymer twitches and wrinkles to combat marine biofouling
By twitching their skin, ships may soon be able to shed the unwanted accumulation of bacteria and other marine growth with the flick of a switch. Duke University engineers have developed a material that can be applied like paint to the hull of a ship and will literally be able to dislodge bacteria,
Regional Growth Fund will boost development of proprietary aluminium casting alloy
Business Minister Michael Fallon has visited the Rochester aerospace firm Aeromet that has secured just over £1 million from the government’s Regional Growth Fund.
Silicone-based flexible polymer for optical waveguides
At the Photonics West conference, Dow Corning and IBM scientists have unveiled a new type of silicone-based polymer to transmit light instead of electrical signals within supercomputers and data centres. It offers better physical properties, including robustness and flexibility, making it ideal for
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Flexible composite heatshield coating combines reflection and conduction
Engineers who previously have had to rely on multiple products to protect composites and heat-sensitive parts from different forms of heat damage can now specify a single coating or heatshield, thanks to its unique combination of ceramic and gold.
The longest jointless hollow conductor in the world?
Hollow conductors are used in a number of applications including particle accelerators, MRI scanners, plasma research devices and induction furnaces. Now, Luvata has introduced Mileon, believed to be the longest seamless hollow conductor currently available on the market.
Atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) makes producing biocompatible and super-absorbent materials easier
Acrylic acid-based polymers and co-polymers can now be synthesised using free radical chemistry, thanks to new ligand–initiator type molecules.
Supplier of porous ceramic media for filtration undergoes restructuring
Fairey Filtration Systems has now officially been renamed Mantec Technical Ceramics and, within the wider Mantec Group, sits alongside those other companies at the 8000sq.m. Stoke-on-Trent headquarters with technical ceramics expertise and advanced manufacturing facilities.
Materials science microscopy imaging software family with improved features
Olympus has launched the latest version of its Stream materials science microscopy imaging software family. Olympus Stream 1.8 provides new and improved features, enhancing the overall capabilities of the software to help users fully integrate and automate their workflows.
Preventing wear in electronics production
In a solution to clamp damage in PCB production, the damaged clamps migrate in a circular path within the production facility as if on a carousel. And, like the PCBs that they hold, a new thin layer of copper is p
Invisible graphene barrier wards off copper corrosion
An invisible coating has been shown to make copper nearly 100 times more resistant to corrosion, creating tremendous potential for metal protection, even in harsh environments.
Hygiene grants for newbuilds and renovations using antimicrobial copper
Antimicrobial Copper touch surfaces - such as door handles, push plates, handrails, taps and light switches - are already being used in healthcare facilities around the world to help reduce the spread of healthcar
AA205 cast aluminium alloy gains AMS specifications
Aeromet International has developed a new high strength aluminium cast alloy registered with the Aluminium Association as AA205.
Antimicrobial copper abrasive water jet cutting
UK company PP Plasma Ltd is now offering an Antimicrobial Copper cutting service, able to cut or process antimicrobial copper
Innovative wire rod production for cable industry
UC Rusal has stepped up production of the rare-earth and transition metals used in aluminium alloys to create wire rod for the cable industry, having completed the R&D stage and entered production.
Power cables light the future path of superconductivity
One hundred years ago in April 2011, superconductivity was discovered in the lab of Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Since then many more materials have shown to be superconducting, providing new applications and creating a new realm of physics.
Aluminium as a conductor - the benefits increase as copper prices soar
With the price of copper widely predicted to break through the $10,000(US) per tonne mark, Legrand has underlined the benefits of its aluminium Zucchini busbars and cast resin transformers.
Recycling to reduce Volvo's environmental footprint can give its old trucks a new lease of life
A truck straight off the factory assembly line may not be quite as new as it seems. One-third of the vehicle
DCOIT (4,5-Dichloro-2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one) recommended by EU Competent Authorities for approval for anti-fouling products
After five years of evaluation and following stringent and demanding risk assessment methodology, Dow Microbial Controls' active substance DCOIT has been recommended for approval and inclusion into Annex I of the Biocidal Products Directive for Product Type 21 antifouling products.
ROGERS CORPORATION USES VICTREX APTIV FILM TO CREATE FLEXIBLE, ADHESIVE-LESS LAMINATES
Delamination caused by deteriorating adhesives that traditionally bond the layers of laminate structures can lead to premature product failure. Adhesives often deteriorate when exposed to high temperatures, moisture or chemicals. To solve this problem, Rogers Corporation, a manufacturer of high-end
Splat process - interaction of free falling copper droplets with heated substrates
Researchers have been investigating the processes involved when coatings are applied to materials since the physical mechanisms underlying interactions between surfaces and the coatings sprayed onto them are poorly understood.
New developments in high performance solder products for power die assemblies
The use of special purpose solder pastes in power die attach is well-established offering low voiding and reliable bonding in volume manufacturing. However these materials are designed around high lead alloys and applied by dispensing. IGBT circuits are made by printing high tin alloys to multiple d
Graphene film for efficient cooling of electronics
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed a method for efficiently cooling electronics using graphene-based film. The film has a thermal conductivity capacity that is four times that of copper
UK Steel issues safety warning on Chinese imports
UK Steel, the trade body for the UK steel industry, has issued a safety warning about the use of Chinese steel.
Range of specialised bronzes expanded
Special bronze alloy dealer FRW CAROBRONZE has expanded its line of highly specialised copper alloys with forged or extruded CuNi14Al2 (UN14A2) and forged or extruded high-strength bronzes CuZn19Al6 (UZ19A6) and C
Selective brush plating for industrial applications
"Why take the surface to the tank when you can take the tank to the surface?’ is the idea on which the portable, selective brush plating process is based. Derek Vanek of SIFCO Applied Surface Concepts (ASC) - part of Norman Hay - discusses the application benefits and possibilities of selective pla
Vanguards of UK industry showcase antimicrobial copper
Five UK companies are contributing antimicrobial copper products to outfit the Copper Hospital at this year's MEDICA Trade Fa
Climate Center: new refrigeration tube guidance set to unify UK with EU
Revised guidance on the selection of copper tube and fittings for use in refrigeration and air conditioning systems has been agreed by two leading industry bodies. The Institute of Refrigeration and British Refrig
Graphene Markets, Technologies and Opportunities 2014-2024
New research by Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh, Head of Consulting, IDTechEx shows that graphene markets will grow from around $20 million in 2014 to more than $390 million in 2024, at the material level. The market will be split across many application sectors; each attracting a different type of graphene
Nano-thin protective layer of copper reduces friction in heavy machinery
Nanotechnology can be employed to reduce friction, in everything from cosmetics to paint, or steel and even toothpaste. It is also used in the oil and lubrication businesses. But how can microscopic particles help reduce fossil-fuel use and extend the life of components for some of the heaviest and
Dedicated manufacturing unit established for vacuum brazing
Surface engineering specialist Tecvac has established a dedicated cell for production of complex components by vacuum brazing. The unit is designed to braze ′one-off’ and development components but also has the capacity to produce high volumes of commercial parts using vacuum furnaces of varyi
Conductive Inks: booming to $2.8 billion by 2024
The conductive ink and paste business is segmented, consisting of many emerging and mature markets. In the new report Conductive Ink Markets 2014-2024: Forecasts, Technologies, Players IDTechEx sees the market experiencing 4.5% CAGR over the coming decade, although growth will be unevenly spread wit
Russian investment in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production
UC Rusal announces investment of over USD5.5 million in aluminium-zirconia wire rod production. The first samples of high-tech products have already been certified by consumers.
Assessing the real opportunity for graphene in a fragmented market
Graphene has enormous commercial potential. Its growth however is being hampered by two factors. First is the fact that there is market confusion and uncertainty across the different types of graphene and different manufacturing processes. The second is that, in many cases, graphene is attempting to
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Custom production plant for graphene commissioned in North of England
Applied Graphene Materials (AGM) has commissioned CPI to build a graphene production plant at Wilton, capable of producing 1 tonne per year of graphene nanoplatelets, based upon its proprietary production methodology.
Stanene could replace graphene with 100% electrical conductivity
Even copper's high electrical conductivity is beginning to hold back computers as scientists push the material to its limits. Now, a new material made from a single layer of tin atoms could make history by becomi
Metal finishing for 3D printing
Supplier of 3D printed parts produced in high performance materials, Graphite Additive Manufacturing, is partnering with electroplating company BJS Group.
European Commission awards EUR 3.3 million for ultraconductive copper development
The University of Cambridge is among a consortium of 14 companies and universities that has signed a EUR 3.3 million funding contract through the European Commission’s FP7 programme. Termed Ultrawire, the project aims to bring ultraconductive
High-voltage motors for Kazakh single mine copper development
WEG has supplied H- and M-line machines to drive production facilities at the Bozshakol Clay Project in Kazakhstan. Bozshakol is the largest single mine development in the former Soviet Union by both scope and volume of production.
Crucible designed for aluminium smelting and holding
The Molten Metal Systems business of Morgan Advanced Materials has further extended its acclaimed Syncarb Z2 crucible family with the introduction of a new crucible designed to provide longer service life and increased energy savings for the aluminium processing industry.
New door hardware for healthcare facilities made with antimicrobial copper
Ingersoll Rand unveiled its new ActivClean portfolio of door hardware, made from Antimicrobial Copper, at the 2013 ASHE Conference and Exhibition. The global industrial giant joins a rapidly-growing list of compan
Steel-cored copper a defence mechanism against copper theft?
Some utility companies are making power stations more physically secure, while others are choosing to use Copperweld wiring instead. This bimetallic electrical conductor has a steel core and copper on the outside.
Soft robotic devices using water-based gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water-based hydrogel material that can be patterned, folded and used to manipulate objects. The technique holds promise for use in "soft robotics’ and biomedical applications.
Green Alliance: UK needs industrial strategy that takes resource risk seriously
According to the conclusions of the first report from the Circular Economy Task Force, UK businesses can’t tackle resource risks effectively until the government’s industrial strategy takes them seriously. What’s at stake is rebuilding a viable manufacturing economy for the future. Other countries a
Hand-held tube straightening tool
KwixUk has designed and patented a hand-held tube straightening tool, which can easily and accurately straighten tube from a coil.
Antimicrobial copper: guidance on alloy selection
A new publication offers designers, manufacturers and specifiers guidance on identifying the most appropriate copper alloy for a product where the intrinsic antimicrobial characteristics of
Video file: Microwave refracting composites allow invisibility cloaks to be built on 3D printer
A team led by scientists at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering has demonstrated the first working "invisibility cloak." The cloak deflects microwave beams so they flow around a "hidden" object inside with little distortion, making it appear almost as if nothing were there at all.
Using constant current control for metal purification
In the vast world of power supply applications, there are two main categories for regulating the power applied to the load. The first is constant voltage, where the control loop maintains a constant voltage to varying load current demands. The second, constant current, is where the current is mainta
Paper, light and foldable, a means of generating electrically conducting structures
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces have created targeted conductive structures on paper using a method that is quite simple: with a conventional inkjet printer, they printed a catalyst on a sheet of paper and then heated it. The printed areas on the paper were thereby
Electrostrictive polymer twitches and wrinkles to combat marine biofouling
By twitching their skin, ships may soon be able to shed the unwanted accumulation of bacteria and other marine growth with the flick of a switch. Duke University engineers have developed a material that can be applied like paint to the hull of a ship and will literally be able to dislodge bacteria,
Regional Growth Fund will boost development of proprietary aluminium casting alloy
Business Minister Michael Fallon has visited the Rochester aerospace firm Aeromet that has secured just over £1 million from the government’s Regional Growth Fund.
Silicone-based flexible polymer for optical waveguides
At the Photonics West conference, Dow Corning and IBM scientists have unveiled a new type of silicone-based polymer to transmit light instead of electrical signals within supercomputers and data centres. It offers better physical properties, including robustness and flexibility, making it ideal for
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Flexible composite heatshield coating combines reflection and conduction
Engineers who previously have had to rely on multiple products to protect composites and heat-sensitive parts from different forms of heat damage can now specify a single coating or heatshield, thanks to its unique combination of ceramic and gold.
The longest jointless hollow conductor in the world?
Hollow conductors are used in a number of applications including particle accelerators, MRI scanners, plasma research devices and induction furnaces. Now, Luvata has introduced Mileon, believed to be the longest seamless hollow conductor currently available on the market.
Atom transfer radical polymerisation (ATRP) makes producing biocompatible and super-absorbent materials easier
Acrylic acid-based polymers and co-polymers can now be synthesised using free radical chemistry, thanks to new ligand–initiator type molecules.
Supplier of porous ceramic media for filtration undergoes restructuring
Fairey Filtration Systems has now officially been renamed Mantec Technical Ceramics and, within the wider Mantec Group, sits alongside those other companies at the 8000sq.m. Stoke-on-Trent headquarters with technical ceramics expertise and advanced manufacturing facilities.
Materials science microscopy imaging software family with improved features
Olympus has launched the latest version of its Stream materials science microscopy imaging software family. Olympus Stream 1.8 provides new and improved features, enhancing the overall capabilities of the software to help users fully integrate and automate their workflows.
Preventing wear in electronics production
In a solution to clamp damage in PCB production, the damaged clamps migrate in a circular path within the production facility as if on a carousel. And, like the PCBs that they hold, a new thin layer of copper is p
Invisible graphene barrier wards off copper corrosion
An invisible coating has been shown to make copper nearly 100 times more resistant to corrosion, creating tremendous potential for metal protection, even in harsh environments.
Hygiene grants for newbuilds and renovations using antimicrobial copper
Antimicrobial Copper touch surfaces - such as door handles, push plates, handrails, taps and light switches - are already being used in healthcare facilities around the world to help reduce the spread of healthcar
AA205 cast aluminium alloy gains AMS specifications
Aeromet International has developed a new high strength aluminium cast alloy registered with the Aluminium Association as AA205.
Antimicrobial copper abrasive water jet cutting
UK company PP Plasma Ltd is now offering an Antimicrobial Copper cutting service, able to cut or process antimicrobial copper
Innovative wire rod production for cable industry
UC Rusal has stepped up production of the rare-earth and transition metals used in aluminium alloys to create wire rod for the cable industry, having completed the R&D stage and entered production.
Power cables light the future path of superconductivity
One hundred years ago in April 2011, superconductivity was discovered in the lab of Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Since then many more materials have shown to be superconducting, providing new applications and creating a new realm of physics.
Aluminium as a conductor - the benefits increase as copper prices soar
With the price of copper widely predicted to break through the $10,000(US) per tonne mark, Legrand has underlined the benefits of its aluminium Zucchini busbars and cast resin transformers.
Recycling to reduce Volvo's environmental footprint can give its old trucks a new lease of life
A truck straight off the factory assembly line may not be quite as new as it seems. One-third of the vehicle
DCOIT (4,5-Dichloro-2-octyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one) recommended by EU Competent Authorities for approval for anti-fouling products
After five years of evaluation and following stringent and demanding risk assessment methodology, Dow Microbial Controls' active substance DCOIT has been recommended for approval and inclusion into Annex I of the Biocidal Products Directive for Product Type 21 antifouling products.
ROGERS CORPORATION USES VICTREX APTIV FILM TO CREATE FLEXIBLE, ADHESIVE-LESS LAMINATES
Delamination caused by deteriorating adhesives that traditionally bond the layers of laminate structures can lead to premature product failure. Adhesives often deteriorate when exposed to high temperatures, moisture or chemicals. To solve this problem, Rogers Corporation, a manufacturer of high-end
Splat process - interaction of free falling copper droplets with heated substrates
Researchers have been investigating the processes involved when coatings are applied to materials since the physical mechanisms underlying interactions between surfaces and the coatings sprayed onto them are poorly understood.
New developments in high performance solder products for power die assemblies
The use of special purpose solder pastes in power die attach is well-established offering low voiding and reliable bonding in volume manufacturing. However these materials are designed around high lead alloys and applied by dispensing. IGBT circuits are made by printing high tin alloys to multiple d
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