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Guides
Indium tin oxide
Indium tin oxide (ITO, or tin-doped indium oxide) is a solid solution of indium(III) oxide (In2O3) and tin(IV) oxide (SnO2), typically 90% In2O3, 10% SnO2 by weight. It is transparent and colourless in thin layers, while in bulk form it is yellowish to grey. In the infrared region of the spectrum it acts as a metal-like mirror.
 
Indium tin oxide is one of the most widely used transparent conducting oxides because of its two chief properties, its electrical conductivity and optical transparency, as well as the ease with which it can be deposited as a thin film, mainly by physical vaour deposition (PVD). As with all transparent conducting films, a compromise must be made between conductivity and transparency. ITO thin film strain gauges can operate at temperatures up to 1400C. 
 
ITO is used to make transparent conductive coatings for liquid crystal displays, flat panel displays, plasma displays, touch panels, and electronic ink applications. Thin films are also used in organic light-emitting diodes, solar cells, antistatic coatings and EMI shieldings. ITO films are used for defrosting aircraft windshields - the heat is generated by applying a voltage to the film. ITO is also used for various optical coatings, most notably infrared-reflecting coatings (hot mirrors) for automotive, and sodium vapour lamp glasses.
 
Because of high cost and limited supply of indium, and the fragility and lack of flexibility of ITO layers, alternatives are being sought.
The future of nanotechnology beyond 2016
Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing areas in technology and science. First introduced in 1959 by physicist Richard Feynman, nanotechnology is the practice of manipulating matter at the atomic and molecular level. Lauren Willison, Director of Admissions at Florida Polytechnic University, rev
Cobalt-oxide mesoporous nanospheres key to longer life auto batteries
Lithium-ion batteries power our phones, laptops, and many other portable electronic devices. But there are limitations inherent in current lithium-ion technology that prevent them from being used more widely in electric vehicles and other high-power applications.
Understanding the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes in ceramics
Researchers at the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan are exploring what is preventing the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes from being used in a ceramic matrix.
Industrial materials on display at Industrial Supply 2015
The on-going development of industrial materials for use in engineering components continues to drive growth in the global subcontracting sector. And that growth is coming not just from relatively new materials such as carbon reinforced or glass fibre reinforced plastics; surprising new applications
Metal-oxide clusters for molecular storage devices could bridge memory gap
New molecules could be the key to solving a looming problem with flash memory storage, researchers from the University of Glasgow are saying.
Versatile active brazing alloy process for joining metals to ceramics
Morgan Advanced Materials has highlighted the benefits of its active brazing alloy (ABA) process to join metals to ceramics in a variety of applications where conventional metallisation and brazing are either costly or impractical.
Thorium to replace uranium for improved nuclear design?
An international project is developing a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer, more cost-effective, compact, quicker and less disruptive to build than any previously constructed. Specifically, it is exploring whether the element thorium could help to meet the new design’s fuel nee
For electronics beyond silicon, correlated oxides emerge
Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, Harvard researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling "colossal.’ In short, they have engineered this material to perform comparably with the bes
European partners collaborate in 'development of replacement of ITO for OLEDs
Currently the commercialisation of Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) and Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) based applications such as flexible displays, lighting and energy harvesting devices is heavily dependent on the use of
Graphene-based flexible display produced for first time
A flexible display incorporating graphene in the pixel electronics has been successfully demonstrated by the Cambridge Graphene Centre and Plastic Logic, said to be the first time graphene has been used in a transistor-based flexible device.
Density functional theory shows Ti-V alloys’ superconductivity is inherent, not accidental
Research shows that all of the Ti-V alloys could display a relatively high superconducting transition temperature. It is deduced that spin fluctuations are reflected in the properties of the normal state of electrons. They therefore influence the superconductivity of the alloys in a similar way to t
Highly non-linear metamaterials for laser technology
Non-linear optical materials are widely used in laser systems. However, high light intensity and long propagation are required to produce strong non-linear optical effects. Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have created metamaterials with a mil
2013 vanadium production and consumption statistics
Vanitec, the technical and scientific committee comprised of representatives of companies and organisations involved in the mining, processing, manufacture, research and use of vanadium and vanadium-containing products, has for the first time released the Vanadium Production and Consumption Statisti
Parasitic conduction heralds advance in solid-state lithium batteries
A team of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan has created a new type of lithium ion conductor for future batteries that could be the basis for a whole new generation of solid-state batteries. It uses rock salt Lithium Borohydride (LiBH4), a well-known agent in organic chemistry laboratories th
Printable heating systems and transparent inks
Within the electronics field, more and more applications are coming to the fore that require a uniform, self-regulating heating system – from heated mirrors and underfloor heating systems to batteries. Conventional wire-based solutions are not only cumbersome but also particularly time-consuming and
Boron carbide produced by cheaper, purer, lower temperature process
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have developed a new method of producing boron carbide powder - one of the hardest materials on the planet - which uses lower temperatures and introduces fewer contaminants than current processing methods. Licensing partners are currently being sought by th
Sol - gel synthesis of photoactive zirconia-titania from metal salts used for photodegradation
Photoactive metal oxide systems capable of reducing non-biodegradable pollutants are highly needed heterogeneous catalysts for environmental purification. Most of the currently available heterogeneous catalysts are obtained from complicated synthetic routes using expensive and perhaps hazardous prec
Ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) developed to enable microstructural control
Finnish thin film coating specialist Picodeon has developed its ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) surface coating technology to be able to create either porous or dense aluminium oxide (Al2O3) coatings on heat-sensitive substrates for use in a wide range of industrial metallisation applica
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Selective laser oxidation of aluminium surfaces
From the idea of operating a coating process without the use of chemicals, AHC Oberflächentechnik in Germany has developed a novel method for the oxidation of aluminium surfaces. With this process components can be protected selectively against wear and corrosion. A pilot plant has been located
Advanced ceramics - selection factors for critical components
Dieter Steudtner, Sales Manager at Morgan Advanced Materials, gives designers and manufacturers an insight into advanced ceramic materials and their properties.
Safer and more sustainable materials for manufacturing
Manufacturing industries rely on a supply of raw materials; increasingly these are rare, expensive, difficult to source, and subject to regulation. A £10.3 million grant, awarded to researchers today by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) will be used to find safer, m
Innovative handheld mineral analyser uses novel X-ray diffraction method
Dr Graeme Hansford from the University of Leicester’s Space Research Centre (SRC) has recently started a collaborative project with Bruker Elemental to develop a handheld mineral analyser for mining applications – the first of its kind.
Multiferroics - magnetic properties influenced by electric voltage - open up new sensor prospects
In the extraordinary materials called "multiferroics’, electric and magnetic excitations are closely linked. Scientists at the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) have now shown in an experiment that magnetic properties and excitations can be influenced by an electric voltage. This opens up co
Tungsten-fibre-reinforced tungsten - a brittle material toughened
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of a fusion vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma, it being the metal with the highest melting point. A disadvantage, however, is its brittleness, which under stress makes it fragile and prone to damage. A novel, more resilient c
Aluminium oxide ceramic the battery collar for next generation sodium metal halide batteries
Morgan Advanced Materials is supplying a range of critical components for GE Energy Storage’s high-performance Durathon Batteries. GE Energy Storage uses the battery modules to build complete energy storage systems for the telecom, energy management, power generation, grid operation, back-up and mot
Aerospace industrial strategy - UK competition announced for collaborative R&D funding
Government and industry published in March 2013 a joint Aerospace Industrial Strategy (AIS)*, which included the commitment to create an Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI). As part of the ATI’s programme, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) is to invest, through the Technology
Hierarchical porous polymer film synthesis controls pore sizes
Forming perfect porous polymer films is not enough; they need both large and small pores, and the process of making them needs to be simple, versatile and repeatable. Creatively combining already established techniques, Cornell materials researchers have devised a so-called hierarchical porous polym
Optically clear, medical grade epoxy features high glass transition temperature
Effectively used in medical device manufacturing applications, Master Bond UV10TKMed is a higher viscosity UV system for bonding, sealing and coating that passes USP Class VI testing. It also meets the requirements of ISO 10993-5 for cytotoxicity.
Alumina nanofibre international research results released at SAMPE 2013
ANF Technology, the manufacturer of the high-grade alumina nanofibre Nafen, which is being made available at commercially viable, industrial volumes, is exhibiting at the Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering’s (SAMPE) annual event, where the company will present quantifiab
Super-heat magnesium oxide ceramics available as crucibles
Aremco's Super-Heat 502-676 Magnesium Oxide (MgO) ceramic crucibles are now available for processing ultra-high temperature refractory metals, slags and superconductor compounds to 4000F.
A general guide to machining nickel-iron alloys
Nickel-iron alloys are not hardenable by heat treatment. The alloys can be made harder though cold working only. The annealed hardness for these alloys is generally in the range of RB 70/80. Material in the annealed condition will be more difficult to machine because it is soft and gummy. The tools
Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability: expression of interest for UK research proposals
EPSRC is inviting Expressions of Interest to bid into the call for research proposals in Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability. The aim of the call is to support research that addresses the manufacturing challenges associated with novel replacements for materials that are sc
High purity magnesium oxide blocks for petrochem insulation
Morgan Technical Ceramics, which specialises in the design and manufacture of high purity magnesium oxide blocks for use in the petrochemical sector, has re-emphasised the importance of specifying materials that deliver a consistently high level of insulation performance.
Layered oxide heterostructures promise improved solar cells
Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology show that a recently discovered class of materials - Layered oxide heterostructures - can be used to create a new kind of solar cell.
Titanium fabrication advances and new markets major topics at Titanium Europe 2013
Technological developments in fabrication of titanium can help increase use of the metal, as well as offer quality improvements. In a similar vein, materials specialists working to exploit and enhance titanium's unique metallurgical characteristics can expand its use in emerging markets. Two panels
Guide to material selection for rolling bearings
By offering a wide choice of materials and heat treatments for rolling bearings, performance and operating life can be optimised, even for the most demanding industrial applications, says Dr Steve Lacey, Engineering Manager at Schaeffler UK.
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Photo-catalytic paint surfaces clean air off nitrogen oxides
Using a new test procedure, Fraunhofer researchers can find out how surface coatings behave during a long-term test. They are introducing the test at the booth of the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance in Booth 131 / 135 in Hall C2 at the Trade Fair BAU that will take place from 14 – 19 January
Liquid-free preparation of high purity Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) could progress sensors and magnetic materials
Researchers at Aldrich Materials Science have discovered an innovative way to design an important class of three-dimensional (3D) hybrid structures, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), under completely liquid-free conditions. High purity MOF products prepared by the liquid-free process may be ideally s
Single and two-component pickling processes for aluminium pretreatment
There are various technologies available for the initial treatment of aluminium, prior to giving it its weather-protection coating. Michael Frank, Technology Manager at Henkel, desribes the aluminum pretreatment options for window frames, building façades and other exposed construction surfaces are
Tungsten electrode sharpening uses compound developed for heat tint removal
Engineering Utilities has introduced a highly innovative way to revolutionise the way welders sharpen tungsten electrodes.
Nano staples proposed as means of mechanically joining low surface energy materials
Researchers at Kiel University (Germany) have developed a technology which can joining two "unjoinable’ materials. The technology uses passive nano-scaled crystal linkers - "Tetrapods" - as internal staples.
Titanium compounds predicted for big future in new electronics era
This article by Dr Peter Harrop, Chairman, IDTechEx, shares some of the research carried out for a new IDTechEx report requested by several of the world’s largest chemical companies. They wish to de-risk their materials development programs concerned with electrically functional elements and compoun
Bendable thin-film lithium ion battery (LIB) for wearable electronics
High-performance flexible power sources have gained attention, especially for bendable, implantable, and wearable electronic systems. Although the rechargeable lithium-ion battery (LIB) has been regarded as a strong candidate for a high-performance flexible energy source, compliant electrodes for be
World’s lightest material made of hollow carbon structures
A team from the Technical University of Hamburg and Germany’s University of Kiel has developed a new material composed of 0.01% carbon structures by volume. The remaining structure is air. The material, dubbed aerographite, has a density of less than 0.2mg/cm3. The next lightest material, metallic m
Machining process removes burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces
The Thermal Energy Method (TEM) is a rapid, low cost, high production process that has the unique ability to remove burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces. Depending on workpart size, a million or more parts can be processed a month in a single TEM machine.
Female metallurgist from University of Leicester tkaes up Presidency of Engineering Professors
Professor Helen Atkinson FREng, Head of the Mechanics of Materials Group in the Department of Engineering at the University of Leicester, will be the first ever woman to become President of the Engineering Professors
Golden window electrodes for organic solar cells
Researchers at the University of Warwick have developed a gold plated window as the transparent electrode for organic solar cells. This innovation is set to be exploited by Molecular Solar Ltd, a Warwick spinout company dedicated to commercialising the discoveries of its academic founders in the are
Electric and hybrid vehicle powertrains with thermoplastic battery packs and shielding in high voltage areas
At the VDI conference, Sabic Innovative Plastics today announced its collaboration with IAV GmbH, manufacturer of advanced vehicle and powertrain systems, to develop advanced thermoplastic designs that can replace metal in electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid powertrain components.
The future of nanotechnology beyond 2016
Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing areas in technology and science. First introduced in 1959 by physicist Richard Feynman, nanotechnology is the practice of manipulating matter at the atomic and molecular level. Lauren Willison, Director of Admissions at Florida Polytechnic University, rev
Cobalt-oxide mesoporous nanospheres key to longer life auto batteries
Lithium-ion batteries power our phones, laptops, and many other portable electronic devices. But there are limitations inherent in current lithium-ion technology that prevent them from being used more widely in electric vehicles and other high-power applications.
Understanding the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes in ceramics
Researchers at the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan are exploring what is preventing the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes from being used in a ceramic matrix.
Industrial materials on display at Industrial Supply 2015
The on-going development of industrial materials for use in engineering components continues to drive growth in the global subcontracting sector. And that growth is coming not just from relatively new materials such as carbon reinforced or glass fibre reinforced plastics; surprising new applications
Metal-oxide clusters for molecular storage devices could bridge memory gap
New molecules could be the key to solving a looming problem with flash memory storage, researchers from the University of Glasgow are saying.
Versatile active brazing alloy process for joining metals to ceramics
Morgan Advanced Materials has highlighted the benefits of its active brazing alloy (ABA) process to join metals to ceramics in a variety of applications where conventional metallisation and brazing are either costly or impractical.
Thorium to replace uranium for improved nuclear design?
An international project is developing a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer, more cost-effective, compact, quicker and less disruptive to build than any previously constructed. Specifically, it is exploring whether the element thorium could help to meet the new design’s fuel nee
For electronics beyond silicon, correlated oxides emerge
Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, Harvard researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling "colossal.’ In short, they have engineered this material to perform comparably with the bes
European partners collaborate in 'development of replacement of ITO for OLEDs
Currently the commercialisation of Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) and Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) based applications such as flexible displays, lighting and energy harvesting devices is heavily dependent on the use of
Graphene-based flexible display produced for first time
A flexible display incorporating graphene in the pixel electronics has been successfully demonstrated by the Cambridge Graphene Centre and Plastic Logic, said to be the first time graphene has been used in a transistor-based flexible device.
Density functional theory shows Ti-V alloys’ superconductivity is inherent, not accidental
Research shows that all of the Ti-V alloys could display a relatively high superconducting transition temperature. It is deduced that spin fluctuations are reflected in the properties of the normal state of electrons. They therefore influence the superconductivity of the alloys in a similar way to t
Highly non-linear metamaterials for laser technology
Non-linear optical materials are widely used in laser systems. However, high light intensity and long propagation are required to produce strong non-linear optical effects. Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have created metamaterials with a mil
2013 vanadium production and consumption statistics
Vanitec, the technical and scientific committee comprised of representatives of companies and organisations involved in the mining, processing, manufacture, research and use of vanadium and vanadium-containing products, has for the first time released the Vanadium Production and Consumption Statisti
Parasitic conduction heralds advance in solid-state lithium batteries
A team of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan has created a new type of lithium ion conductor for future batteries that could be the basis for a whole new generation of solid-state batteries. It uses rock salt Lithium Borohydride (LiBH4), a well-known agent in organic chemistry laboratories th
Printable heating systems and transparent inks
Within the electronics field, more and more applications are coming to the fore that require a uniform, self-regulating heating system – from heated mirrors and underfloor heating systems to batteries. Conventional wire-based solutions are not only cumbersome but also particularly time-consuming and
Boron carbide produced by cheaper, purer, lower temperature process
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have developed a new method of producing boron carbide powder - one of the hardest materials on the planet - which uses lower temperatures and introduces fewer contaminants than current processing methods. Licensing partners are currently being sought by th
Sol - gel synthesis of photoactive zirconia-titania from metal salts used for photodegradation
Photoactive metal oxide systems capable of reducing non-biodegradable pollutants are highly needed heterogeneous catalysts for environmental purification. Most of the currently available heterogeneous catalysts are obtained from complicated synthetic routes using expensive and perhaps hazardous prec
Ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) developed to enable microstructural control
Finnish thin film coating specialist Picodeon has developed its ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) surface coating technology to be able to create either porous or dense aluminium oxide (Al2O3) coatings on heat-sensitive substrates for use in a wide range of industrial metallisation applica
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Selective laser oxidation of aluminium surfaces
From the idea of operating a coating process without the use of chemicals, AHC Oberflächentechnik in Germany has developed a novel method for the oxidation of aluminium surfaces. With this process components can be protected selectively against wear and corrosion. A pilot plant has been located
Advanced ceramics - selection factors for critical components
Dieter Steudtner, Sales Manager at Morgan Advanced Materials, gives designers and manufacturers an insight into advanced ceramic materials and their properties.
Safer and more sustainable materials for manufacturing
Manufacturing industries rely on a supply of raw materials; increasingly these are rare, expensive, difficult to source, and subject to regulation. A £10.3 million grant, awarded to researchers today by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) will be used to find safer, m
Innovative handheld mineral analyser uses novel X-ray diffraction method
Dr Graeme Hansford from the University of Leicester’s Space Research Centre (SRC) has recently started a collaborative project with Bruker Elemental to develop a handheld mineral analyser for mining applications – the first of its kind.
Multiferroics - magnetic properties influenced by electric voltage - open up new sensor prospects
In the extraordinary materials called "multiferroics’, electric and magnetic excitations are closely linked. Scientists at the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) have now shown in an experiment that magnetic properties and excitations can be influenced by an electric voltage. This opens up co
Tungsten-fibre-reinforced tungsten - a brittle material toughened
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of a fusion vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma, it being the metal with the highest melting point. A disadvantage, however, is its brittleness, which under stress makes it fragile and prone to damage. A novel, more resilient c
Aluminium oxide ceramic the battery collar for next generation sodium metal halide batteries
Morgan Advanced Materials is supplying a range of critical components for GE Energy Storage’s high-performance Durathon Batteries. GE Energy Storage uses the battery modules to build complete energy storage systems for the telecom, energy management, power generation, grid operation, back-up and mot
Aerospace industrial strategy - UK competition announced for collaborative R&D funding
Government and industry published in March 2013 a joint Aerospace Industrial Strategy (AIS)*, which included the commitment to create an Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI). As part of the ATI’s programme, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) is to invest, through the Technology
Hierarchical porous polymer film synthesis controls pore sizes
Forming perfect porous polymer films is not enough; they need both large and small pores, and the process of making them needs to be simple, versatile and repeatable. Creatively combining already established techniques, Cornell materials researchers have devised a so-called hierarchical porous polym
Optically clear, medical grade epoxy features high glass transition temperature
Effectively used in medical device manufacturing applications, Master Bond UV10TKMed is a higher viscosity UV system for bonding, sealing and coating that passes USP Class VI testing. It also meets the requirements of ISO 10993-5 for cytotoxicity.
Alumina nanofibre international research results released at SAMPE 2013
ANF Technology, the manufacturer of the high-grade alumina nanofibre Nafen, which is being made available at commercially viable, industrial volumes, is exhibiting at the Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering’s (SAMPE) annual event, where the company will present quantifiab
Super-heat magnesium oxide ceramics available as crucibles
Aremco's Super-Heat 502-676 Magnesium Oxide (MgO) ceramic crucibles are now available for processing ultra-high temperature refractory metals, slags and superconductor compounds to 4000F.
A general guide to machining nickel-iron alloys
Nickel-iron alloys are not hardenable by heat treatment. The alloys can be made harder though cold working only. The annealed hardness for these alloys is generally in the range of RB 70/80. Material in the annealed condition will be more difficult to machine because it is soft and gummy. The tools
Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability: expression of interest for UK research proposals
EPSRC is inviting Expressions of Interest to bid into the call for research proposals in Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability. The aim of the call is to support research that addresses the manufacturing challenges associated with novel replacements for materials that are sc
High purity magnesium oxide blocks for petrochem insulation
Morgan Technical Ceramics, which specialises in the design and manufacture of high purity magnesium oxide blocks for use in the petrochemical sector, has re-emphasised the importance of specifying materials that deliver a consistently high level of insulation performance.
Layered oxide heterostructures promise improved solar cells
Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology show that a recently discovered class of materials - Layered oxide heterostructures - can be used to create a new kind of solar cell.
Titanium fabrication advances and new markets major topics at Titanium Europe 2013
Technological developments in fabrication of titanium can help increase use of the metal, as well as offer quality improvements. In a similar vein, materials specialists working to exploit and enhance titanium's unique metallurgical characteristics can expand its use in emerging markets. Two panels
Guide to material selection for rolling bearings
By offering a wide choice of materials and heat treatments for rolling bearings, performance and operating life can be optimised, even for the most demanding industrial applications, says Dr Steve Lacey, Engineering Manager at Schaeffler UK.
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Photo-catalytic paint surfaces clean air off nitrogen oxides
Using a new test procedure, Fraunhofer researchers can find out how surface coatings behave during a long-term test. They are introducing the test at the booth of the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance in Booth 131 / 135 in Hall C2 at the Trade Fair BAU that will take place from 14 – 19 January
Liquid-free preparation of high purity Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) could progress sensors and magnetic materials
Researchers at Aldrich Materials Science have discovered an innovative way to design an important class of three-dimensional (3D) hybrid structures, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), under completely liquid-free conditions. High purity MOF products prepared by the liquid-free process may be ideally s
Single and two-component pickling processes for aluminium pretreatment
There are various technologies available for the initial treatment of aluminium, prior to giving it its weather-protection coating. Michael Frank, Technology Manager at Henkel, desribes the aluminum pretreatment options for window frames, building façades and other exposed construction surfaces are
Tungsten electrode sharpening uses compound developed for heat tint removal
Engineering Utilities has introduced a highly innovative way to revolutionise the way welders sharpen tungsten electrodes.
Nano staples proposed as means of mechanically joining low surface energy materials
Researchers at Kiel University (Germany) have developed a technology which can joining two "unjoinable’ materials. The technology uses passive nano-scaled crystal linkers - "Tetrapods" - as internal staples.
Titanium compounds predicted for big future in new electronics era
This article by Dr Peter Harrop, Chairman, IDTechEx, shares some of the research carried out for a new IDTechEx report requested by several of the world’s largest chemical companies. They wish to de-risk their materials development programs concerned with electrically functional elements and compoun
Bendable thin-film lithium ion battery (LIB) for wearable electronics
High-performance flexible power sources have gained attention, especially for bendable, implantable, and wearable electronic systems. Although the rechargeable lithium-ion battery (LIB) has been regarded as a strong candidate for a high-performance flexible energy source, compliant electrodes for be
World’s lightest material made of hollow carbon structures
A team from the Technical University of Hamburg and Germany’s University of Kiel has developed a new material composed of 0.01% carbon structures by volume. The remaining structure is air. The material, dubbed aerographite, has a density of less than 0.2mg/cm3. The next lightest material, metallic m
Machining process removes burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces
The Thermal Energy Method (TEM) is a rapid, low cost, high production process that has the unique ability to remove burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces. Depending on workpart size, a million or more parts can be processed a month in a single TEM machine.
Female metallurgist from University of Leicester tkaes up Presidency of Engineering Professors
Professor Helen Atkinson FREng, Head of the Mechanics of Materials Group in the Department of Engineering at the University of Leicester, will be the first ever woman to become President of the Engineering Professors
Golden window electrodes for organic solar cells
Researchers at the University of Warwick have developed a gold plated window as the transparent electrode for organic solar cells. This innovation is set to be exploited by Molecular Solar Ltd, a Warwick spinout company dedicated to commercialising the discoveries of its academic founders in the are
Electric and hybrid vehicle powertrains with thermoplastic battery packs and shielding in high voltage areas
At the VDI conference, Sabic Innovative Plastics today announced its collaboration with IAV GmbH, manufacturer of advanced vehicle and powertrain systems, to develop advanced thermoplastic designs that can replace metal in electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid powertrain components.
The future of nanotechnology beyond 2016
Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing areas in technology and science. First introduced in 1959 by physicist Richard Feynman, nanotechnology is the practice of manipulating matter at the atomic and molecular level. Lauren Willison, Director of Admissions at Florida Polytechnic University, rev
Cobalt-oxide mesoporous nanospheres key to longer life auto batteries
Lithium-ion batteries power our phones, laptops, and many other portable electronic devices. But there are limitations inherent in current lithium-ion technology that prevent them from being used more widely in electric vehicles and other high-power applications.
Understanding the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes in ceramics
Researchers at the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan are exploring what is preventing the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes from being used in a ceramic matrix.
Industrial materials on display at Industrial Supply 2015
The on-going development of industrial materials for use in engineering components continues to drive growth in the global subcontracting sector. And that growth is coming not just from relatively new materials such as carbon reinforced or glass fibre reinforced plastics; surprising new applications
Metal-oxide clusters for molecular storage devices could bridge memory gap
New molecules could be the key to solving a looming problem with flash memory storage, researchers from the University of Glasgow are saying.
Versatile active brazing alloy process for joining metals to ceramics
Morgan Advanced Materials has highlighted the benefits of its active brazing alloy (ABA) process to join metals to ceramics in a variety of applications where conventional metallisation and brazing are either costly or impractical.
Thorium to replace uranium for improved nuclear design?
An international project is developing a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer, more cost-effective, compact, quicker and less disruptive to build than any previously constructed. Specifically, it is exploring whether the element thorium could help to meet the new design’s fuel nee
For electronics beyond silicon, correlated oxides emerge
Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, Harvard researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling "colossal.’ In short, they have engineered this material to perform comparably with the bes
European partners collaborate in 'development of replacement of ITO for OLEDs
Currently the commercialisation of Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) and Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) based applications such as flexible displays, lighting and energy harvesting devices is heavily dependent on the use of
Graphene-based flexible display produced for first time
A flexible display incorporating graphene in the pixel electronics has been successfully demonstrated by the Cambridge Graphene Centre and Plastic Logic, said to be the first time graphene has been used in a transistor-based flexible device.
Density functional theory shows Ti-V alloys’ superconductivity is inherent, not accidental
Research shows that all of the Ti-V alloys could display a relatively high superconducting transition temperature. It is deduced that spin fluctuations are reflected in the properties of the normal state of electrons. They therefore influence the superconductivity of the alloys in a similar way to t
Highly non-linear metamaterials for laser technology
Non-linear optical materials are widely used in laser systems. However, high light intensity and long propagation are required to produce strong non-linear optical effects. Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have created metamaterials with a mil
2013 vanadium production and consumption statistics
Vanitec, the technical and scientific committee comprised of representatives of companies and organisations involved in the mining, processing, manufacture, research and use of vanadium and vanadium-containing products, has for the first time released the Vanadium Production and Consumption Statisti
Parasitic conduction heralds advance in solid-state lithium batteries
A team of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan has created a new type of lithium ion conductor for future batteries that could be the basis for a whole new generation of solid-state batteries. It uses rock salt Lithium Borohydride (LiBH4), a well-known agent in organic chemistry laboratories th
Printable heating systems and transparent inks
Within the electronics field, more and more applications are coming to the fore that require a uniform, self-regulating heating system – from heated mirrors and underfloor heating systems to batteries. Conventional wire-based solutions are not only cumbersome but also particularly time-consuming and
Boron carbide produced by cheaper, purer, lower temperature process
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have developed a new method of producing boron carbide powder - one of the hardest materials on the planet - which uses lower temperatures and introduces fewer contaminants than current processing methods. Licensing partners are currently being sought by th
Sol - gel synthesis of photoactive zirconia-titania from metal salts used for photodegradation
Photoactive metal oxide systems capable of reducing non-biodegradable pollutants are highly needed heterogeneous catalysts for environmental purification. Most of the currently available heterogeneous catalysts are obtained from complicated synthetic routes using expensive and perhaps hazardous prec
Ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) developed to enable microstructural control
Finnish thin film coating specialist Picodeon has developed its ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) surface coating technology to be able to create either porous or dense aluminium oxide (Al2O3) coatings on heat-sensitive substrates for use in a wide range of industrial metallisation applica
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Selective laser oxidation of aluminium surfaces
From the idea of operating a coating process without the use of chemicals, AHC Oberflächentechnik in Germany has developed a novel method for the oxidation of aluminium surfaces. With this process components can be protected selectively against wear and corrosion. A pilot plant has been located
Advanced ceramics - selection factors for critical components
Dieter Steudtner, Sales Manager at Morgan Advanced Materials, gives designers and manufacturers an insight into advanced ceramic materials and their properties.
Safer and more sustainable materials for manufacturing
Manufacturing industries rely on a supply of raw materials; increasingly these are rare, expensive, difficult to source, and subject to regulation. A £10.3 million grant, awarded to researchers today by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) will be used to find safer, m
Innovative handheld mineral analyser uses novel X-ray diffraction method
Dr Graeme Hansford from the University of Leicester’s Space Research Centre (SRC) has recently started a collaborative project with Bruker Elemental to develop a handheld mineral analyser for mining applications – the first of its kind.
Multiferroics - magnetic properties influenced by electric voltage - open up new sensor prospects
In the extraordinary materials called "multiferroics’, electric and magnetic excitations are closely linked. Scientists at the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) have now shown in an experiment that magnetic properties and excitations can be influenced by an electric voltage. This opens up co
Tungsten-fibre-reinforced tungsten - a brittle material toughened
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of a fusion vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma, it being the metal with the highest melting point. A disadvantage, however, is its brittleness, which under stress makes it fragile and prone to damage. A novel, more resilient c
Aluminium oxide ceramic the battery collar for next generation sodium metal halide batteries
Morgan Advanced Materials is supplying a range of critical components for GE Energy Storage’s high-performance Durathon Batteries. GE Energy Storage uses the battery modules to build complete energy storage systems for the telecom, energy management, power generation, grid operation, back-up and mot
Aerospace industrial strategy - UK competition announced for collaborative R&D funding
Government and industry published in March 2013 a joint Aerospace Industrial Strategy (AIS)*, which included the commitment to create an Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI). As part of the ATI’s programme, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) is to invest, through the Technology
Hierarchical porous polymer film synthesis controls pore sizes
Forming perfect porous polymer films is not enough; they need both large and small pores, and the process of making them needs to be simple, versatile and repeatable. Creatively combining already established techniques, Cornell materials researchers have devised a so-called hierarchical porous polym
Optically clear, medical grade epoxy features high glass transition temperature
Effectively used in medical device manufacturing applications, Master Bond UV10TKMed is a higher viscosity UV system for bonding, sealing and coating that passes USP Class VI testing. It also meets the requirements of ISO 10993-5 for cytotoxicity.
Alumina nanofibre international research results released at SAMPE 2013
ANF Technology, the manufacturer of the high-grade alumina nanofibre Nafen, which is being made available at commercially viable, industrial volumes, is exhibiting at the Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering’s (SAMPE) annual event, where the company will present quantifiab
Super-heat magnesium oxide ceramics available as crucibles
Aremco's Super-Heat 502-676 Magnesium Oxide (MgO) ceramic crucibles are now available for processing ultra-high temperature refractory metals, slags and superconductor compounds to 4000F.
A general guide to machining nickel-iron alloys
Nickel-iron alloys are not hardenable by heat treatment. The alloys can be made harder though cold working only. The annealed hardness for these alloys is generally in the range of RB 70/80. Material in the annealed condition will be more difficult to machine because it is soft and gummy. The tools
Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability: expression of interest for UK research proposals
EPSRC is inviting Expressions of Interest to bid into the call for research proposals in Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability. The aim of the call is to support research that addresses the manufacturing challenges associated with novel replacements for materials that are sc
High purity magnesium oxide blocks for petrochem insulation
Morgan Technical Ceramics, which specialises in the design and manufacture of high purity magnesium oxide blocks for use in the petrochemical sector, has re-emphasised the importance of specifying materials that deliver a consistently high level of insulation performance.
Layered oxide heterostructures promise improved solar cells
Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology show that a recently discovered class of materials - Layered oxide heterostructures - can be used to create a new kind of solar cell.
Titanium fabrication advances and new markets major topics at Titanium Europe 2013
Technological developments in fabrication of titanium can help increase use of the metal, as well as offer quality improvements. In a similar vein, materials specialists working to exploit and enhance titanium's unique metallurgical characteristics can expand its use in emerging markets. Two panels
Guide to material selection for rolling bearings
By offering a wide choice of materials and heat treatments for rolling bearings, performance and operating life can be optimised, even for the most demanding industrial applications, says Dr Steve Lacey, Engineering Manager at Schaeffler UK.
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Photo-catalytic paint surfaces clean air off nitrogen oxides
Using a new test procedure, Fraunhofer researchers can find out how surface coatings behave during a long-term test. They are introducing the test at the booth of the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance in Booth 131 / 135 in Hall C2 at the Trade Fair BAU that will take place from 14 – 19 January
Liquid-free preparation of high purity Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) could progress sensors and magnetic materials
Researchers at Aldrich Materials Science have discovered an innovative way to design an important class of three-dimensional (3D) hybrid structures, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), under completely liquid-free conditions. High purity MOF products prepared by the liquid-free process may be ideally s
Single and two-component pickling processes for aluminium pretreatment
There are various technologies available for the initial treatment of aluminium, prior to giving it its weather-protection coating. Michael Frank, Technology Manager at Henkel, desribes the aluminum pretreatment options for window frames, building façades and other exposed construction surfaces are
Tungsten electrode sharpening uses compound developed for heat tint removal
Engineering Utilities has introduced a highly innovative way to revolutionise the way welders sharpen tungsten electrodes.
Nano staples proposed as means of mechanically joining low surface energy materials
Researchers at Kiel University (Germany) have developed a technology which can joining two "unjoinable’ materials. The technology uses passive nano-scaled crystal linkers - "Tetrapods" - as internal staples.
Titanium compounds predicted for big future in new electronics era
This article by Dr Peter Harrop, Chairman, IDTechEx, shares some of the research carried out for a new IDTechEx report requested by several of the world’s largest chemical companies. They wish to de-risk their materials development programs concerned with electrically functional elements and compoun
Bendable thin-film lithium ion battery (LIB) for wearable electronics
High-performance flexible power sources have gained attention, especially for bendable, implantable, and wearable electronic systems. Although the rechargeable lithium-ion battery (LIB) has been regarded as a strong candidate for a high-performance flexible energy source, compliant electrodes for be
World’s lightest material made of hollow carbon structures
A team from the Technical University of Hamburg and Germany’s University of Kiel has developed a new material composed of 0.01% carbon structures by volume. The remaining structure is air. The material, dubbed aerographite, has a density of less than 0.2mg/cm3. The next lightest material, metallic m
Machining process removes burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces
The Thermal Energy Method (TEM) is a rapid, low cost, high production process that has the unique ability to remove burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces. Depending on workpart size, a million or more parts can be processed a month in a single TEM machine.
Female metallurgist from University of Leicester tkaes up Presidency of Engineering Professors
Professor Helen Atkinson FREng, Head of the Mechanics of Materials Group in the Department of Engineering at the University of Leicester, will be the first ever woman to become President of the Engineering Professors
Golden window electrodes for organic solar cells
Researchers at the University of Warwick have developed a gold plated window as the transparent electrode for organic solar cells. This innovation is set to be exploited by Molecular Solar Ltd, a Warwick spinout company dedicated to commercialising the discoveries of its academic founders in the are
Electric and hybrid vehicle powertrains with thermoplastic battery packs and shielding in high voltage areas
At the VDI conference, Sabic Innovative Plastics today announced its collaboration with IAV GmbH, manufacturer of advanced vehicle and powertrain systems, to develop advanced thermoplastic designs that can replace metal in electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid powertrain components.
The future of nanotechnology beyond 2016
Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing areas in technology and science. First introduced in 1959 by physicist Richard Feynman, nanotechnology is the practice of manipulating matter at the atomic and molecular level. Lauren Willison, Director of Admissions at Florida Polytechnic University, rev
Cobalt-oxide mesoporous nanospheres key to longer life auto batteries
Lithium-ion batteries power our phones, laptops, and many other portable electronic devices. But there are limitations inherent in current lithium-ion technology that prevent them from being used more widely in electric vehicles and other high-power applications.
Understanding the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes in ceramics
Researchers at the National Institute for Materials Science in Japan are exploring what is preventing the reinforcing ability of carbon nanotubes from being used in a ceramic matrix.
Industrial materials on display at Industrial Supply 2015
The on-going development of industrial materials for use in engineering components continues to drive growth in the global subcontracting sector. And that growth is coming not just from relatively new materials such as carbon reinforced or glass fibre reinforced plastics; surprising new applications
Metal-oxide clusters for molecular storage devices could bridge memory gap
New molecules could be the key to solving a looming problem with flash memory storage, researchers from the University of Glasgow are saying.
Versatile active brazing alloy process for joining metals to ceramics
Morgan Advanced Materials has highlighted the benefits of its active brazing alloy (ABA) process to join metals to ceramics in a variety of applications where conventional metallisation and brazing are either costly or impractical.
Thorium to replace uranium for improved nuclear design?
An international project is developing a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer, more cost-effective, compact, quicker and less disruptive to build than any previously constructed. Specifically, it is exploring whether the element thorium could help to meet the new design’s fuel nee
For electronics beyond silicon, correlated oxides emerge
Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, Harvard researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling "colossal.’ In short, they have engineered this material to perform comparably with the bes
European partners collaborate in 'development of replacement of ITO for OLEDs
Currently the commercialisation of Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) and Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) based applications such as flexible displays, lighting and energy harvesting devices is heavily dependent on the use of
Graphene-based flexible display produced for first time
A flexible display incorporating graphene in the pixel electronics has been successfully demonstrated by the Cambridge Graphene Centre and Plastic Logic, said to be the first time graphene has been used in a transistor-based flexible device.
Density functional theory shows Ti-V alloys’ superconductivity is inherent, not accidental
Research shows that all of the Ti-V alloys could display a relatively high superconducting transition temperature. It is deduced that spin fluctuations are reflected in the properties of the normal state of electrons. They therefore influence the superconductivity of the alloys in a similar way to t
Highly non-linear metamaterials for laser technology
Non-linear optical materials are widely used in laser systems. However, high light intensity and long propagation are required to produce strong non-linear optical effects. Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have created metamaterials with a mil
2013 vanadium production and consumption statistics
Vanitec, the technical and scientific committee comprised of representatives of companies and organisations involved in the mining, processing, manufacture, research and use of vanadium and vanadium-containing products, has for the first time released the Vanadium Production and Consumption Statisti
Parasitic conduction heralds advance in solid-state lithium batteries
A team of researchers at Tohoku University in Japan has created a new type of lithium ion conductor for future batteries that could be the basis for a whole new generation of solid-state batteries. It uses rock salt Lithium Borohydride (LiBH4), a well-known agent in organic chemistry laboratories th
Printable heating systems and transparent inks
Within the electronics field, more and more applications are coming to the fore that require a uniform, self-regulating heating system – from heated mirrors and underfloor heating systems to batteries. Conventional wire-based solutions are not only cumbersome but also particularly time-consuming and
Boron carbide produced by cheaper, purer, lower temperature process
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have developed a new method of producing boron carbide powder - one of the hardest materials on the planet - which uses lower temperatures and introduces fewer contaminants than current processing methods. Licensing partners are currently being sought by th
Sol - gel synthesis of photoactive zirconia-titania from metal salts used for photodegradation
Photoactive metal oxide systems capable of reducing non-biodegradable pollutants are highly needed heterogeneous catalysts for environmental purification. Most of the currently available heterogeneous catalysts are obtained from complicated synthetic routes using expensive and perhaps hazardous prec
Ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) developed to enable microstructural control
Finnish thin film coating specialist Picodeon has developed its ultra-short pulsed laser deposition (USPLD) surface coating technology to be able to create either porous or dense aluminium oxide (Al2O3) coatings on heat-sensitive substrates for use in a wide range of industrial metallisation applica
Surface preparation for bonding metals
Master Bond manufactures a wide range of adhesives for bonding metals to metals, as well as metals to other substrates. Surface preparation plays a key role to ensuring that good bond strength is achieved. The following techniques are typically used as practices for proper surface preparation:
Selective laser oxidation of aluminium surfaces
From the idea of operating a coating process without the use of chemicals, AHC Oberflächentechnik in Germany has developed a novel method for the oxidation of aluminium surfaces. With this process components can be protected selectively against wear and corrosion. A pilot plant has been located
Advanced ceramics - selection factors for critical components
Dieter Steudtner, Sales Manager at Morgan Advanced Materials, gives designers and manufacturers an insight into advanced ceramic materials and their properties.
Safer and more sustainable materials for manufacturing
Manufacturing industries rely on a supply of raw materials; increasingly these are rare, expensive, difficult to source, and subject to regulation. A £10.3 million grant, awarded to researchers today by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) will be used to find safer, m
Innovative handheld mineral analyser uses novel X-ray diffraction method
Dr Graeme Hansford from the University of Leicester’s Space Research Centre (SRC) has recently started a collaborative project with Bruker Elemental to develop a handheld mineral analyser for mining applications – the first of its kind.
Multiferroics - magnetic properties influenced by electric voltage - open up new sensor prospects
In the extraordinary materials called "multiferroics’, electric and magnetic excitations are closely linked. Scientists at the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) have now shown in an experiment that magnetic properties and excitations can be influenced by an electric voltage. This opens up co
Tungsten-fibre-reinforced tungsten - a brittle material toughened
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of a fusion vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma, it being the metal with the highest melting point. A disadvantage, however, is its brittleness, which under stress makes it fragile and prone to damage. A novel, more resilient c
Aluminium oxide ceramic the battery collar for next generation sodium metal halide batteries
Morgan Advanced Materials is supplying a range of critical components for GE Energy Storage’s high-performance Durathon Batteries. GE Energy Storage uses the battery modules to build complete energy storage systems for the telecom, energy management, power generation, grid operation, back-up and mot
Aerospace industrial strategy - UK competition announced for collaborative R&D funding
Government and industry published in March 2013 a joint Aerospace Industrial Strategy (AIS)*, which included the commitment to create an Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI). As part of the ATI’s programme, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) is to invest, through the Technology
Hierarchical porous polymer film synthesis controls pore sizes
Forming perfect porous polymer films is not enough; they need both large and small pores, and the process of making them needs to be simple, versatile and repeatable. Creatively combining already established techniques, Cornell materials researchers have devised a so-called hierarchical porous polym
Optically clear, medical grade epoxy features high glass transition temperature
Effectively used in medical device manufacturing applications, Master Bond UV10TKMed is a higher viscosity UV system for bonding, sealing and coating that passes USP Class VI testing. It also meets the requirements of ISO 10993-5 for cytotoxicity.
Alumina nanofibre international research results released at SAMPE 2013
ANF Technology, the manufacturer of the high-grade alumina nanofibre Nafen, which is being made available at commercially viable, industrial volumes, is exhibiting at the Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering’s (SAMPE) annual event, where the company will present quantifiab
Super-heat magnesium oxide ceramics available as crucibles
Aremco's Super-Heat 502-676 Magnesium Oxide (MgO) ceramic crucibles are now available for processing ultra-high temperature refractory metals, slags and superconductor compounds to 4000F.
A general guide to machining nickel-iron alloys
Nickel-iron alloys are not hardenable by heat treatment. The alloys can be made harder though cold working only. The annealed hardness for these alloys is generally in the range of RB 70/80. Material in the annealed condition will be more difficult to machine because it is soft and gummy. The tools
Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability: expression of interest for UK research proposals
EPSRC is inviting Expressions of Interest to bid into the call for research proposals in Materials Substitution for Safety, Security and Sustainability. The aim of the call is to support research that addresses the manufacturing challenges associated with novel replacements for materials that are sc
High purity magnesium oxide blocks for petrochem insulation
Morgan Technical Ceramics, which specialises in the design and manufacture of high purity magnesium oxide blocks for use in the petrochemical sector, has re-emphasised the importance of specifying materials that deliver a consistently high level of insulation performance.
Layered oxide heterostructures promise improved solar cells
Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology show that a recently discovered class of materials - Layered oxide heterostructures - can be used to create a new kind of solar cell.
Titanium fabrication advances and new markets major topics at Titanium Europe 2013
Technological developments in fabrication of titanium can help increase use of the metal, as well as offer quality improvements. In a similar vein, materials specialists working to exploit and enhance titanium's unique metallurgical characteristics can expand its use in emerging markets. Two panels
Guide to material selection for rolling bearings
By offering a wide choice of materials and heat treatments for rolling bearings, performance and operating life can be optimised, even for the most demanding industrial applications, says Dr Steve Lacey, Engineering Manager at Schaeffler UK.
Thin-film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) claims new world record for solar cell efficiency
For years, scientists and engineers have tried to develop a way to make solar electricity effective and affordable on a large scale. These new thin film solar cells may a step in the right direction for doing just that. Scientists based at Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science a
Photo-catalytic paint surfaces clean air off nitrogen oxides
Using a new test procedure, Fraunhofer researchers can find out how surface coatings behave during a long-term test. They are introducing the test at the booth of the Fraunhofer Building Innovation Alliance in Booth 131 / 135 in Hall C2 at the Trade Fair BAU that will take place from 14 – 19 January
Liquid-free preparation of high purity Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) could progress sensors and magnetic materials
Researchers at Aldrich Materials Science have discovered an innovative way to design an important class of three-dimensional (3D) hybrid structures, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), under completely liquid-free conditions. High purity MOF products prepared by the liquid-free process may be ideally s
Single and two-component pickling processes for aluminium pretreatment
There are various technologies available for the initial treatment of aluminium, prior to giving it its weather-protection coating. Michael Frank, Technology Manager at Henkel, desribes the aluminum pretreatment options for window frames, building façades and other exposed construction surfaces are
Tungsten electrode sharpening uses compound developed for heat tint removal
Engineering Utilities has introduced a highly innovative way to revolutionise the way welders sharpen tungsten electrodes.
Nano staples proposed as means of mechanically joining low surface energy materials
Researchers at Kiel University (Germany) have developed a technology which can joining two "unjoinable’ materials. The technology uses passive nano-scaled crystal linkers - "Tetrapods" - as internal staples.
Titanium compounds predicted for big future in new electronics era
This article by Dr Peter Harrop, Chairman, IDTechEx, shares some of the research carried out for a new IDTechEx report requested by several of the world’s largest chemical companies. They wish to de-risk their materials development programs concerned with electrically functional elements and compoun
Bendable thin-film lithium ion battery (LIB) for wearable electronics
High-performance flexible power sources have gained attention, especially for bendable, implantable, and wearable electronic systems. Although the rechargeable lithium-ion battery (LIB) has been regarded as a strong candidate for a high-performance flexible energy source, compliant electrodes for be
World’s lightest material made of hollow carbon structures
A team from the Technical University of Hamburg and Germany’s University of Kiel has developed a new material composed of 0.01% carbon structures by volume. The remaining structure is air. The material, dubbed aerographite, has a density of less than 0.2mg/cm3. The next lightest material, metallic m
Machining process removes burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces
The Thermal Energy Method (TEM) is a rapid, low cost, high production process that has the unique ability to remove burrs and flashing without affecting adjoining workpart surfaces. Depending on workpart size, a million or more parts can be processed a month in a single TEM machine.
Female metallurgist from University of Leicester tkaes up Presidency of Engineering Professors
Professor Helen Atkinson FREng, Head of the Mechanics of Materials Group in the Department of Engineering at the University of Leicester, will be the first ever woman to become President of the Engineering Professors
Golden window electrodes for organic solar cells
Researchers at the University of Warwick have developed a gold plated window as the transparent electrode for organic solar cells. This innovation is set to be exploited by Molecular Solar Ltd, a Warwick spinout company dedicated to commercialising the discoveries of its academic founders in the are
Electric and hybrid vehicle powertrains with thermoplastic battery packs and shielding in high voltage areas
At the VDI conference, Sabic Innovative Plastics today announced its collaboration with IAV GmbH, manufacturer of advanced vehicle and powertrain systems, to develop advanced thermoplastic designs that can replace metal in electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid powertrain components.
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