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Associations, Research Organisations and Universities
Chicago physicists believe extra dimensions exist as they search for more clues
University : 23 July, 2007
The display above is a simulated graviton event in the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The tower shown above is of detected energy from the debris of a collision between a proton and an antiproton, which balances an undetectable graviton. An undetectable graviton carries the force of gravity, which
Concise expert review examines Adhesion to Fluoropolymers
Research Institute : 23 July, 2007
Fluorinated polymers have a number of very useful properties such as excellent chemical resistance. However, they are usually difficult to bond without a pretreatment. The most effective methods to pretreat fully fluorinated polymers were developed in the 1950s.
University : 22 July, 2007
New research at the University and the University of California, Santa Barbara, shows that women subconsciously pick up cues in men
Compound could make hydrogen fuel storage more efficient, practical
University : 22 July, 2007
David Mao, Visiting Scientist in Geophysical Sciences, and his daughter Wendy, a graduate student in Geophysical Sciences, have synthesized a hydrogen clathrate hydrate, a promising new compound that could lead to useful storage methods for hydrogen. The lack of practical storage methods has hindered the more widespread use of hydrogen fuels, which are renewable and environmentally friendly.
Auger may clear up contradictory data on high-energy cosmic rays
University : 22 July, 2007
Above is a photo of the high-energy cosmic ray surface detector stationed in the Mendoza Province of Argentina, where University scientists are conducting the Auger Project.
Expert review discusses the science and technology of fluoroplastics
Research Institute : 22 July, 2007
Fluoropolymers were discovered accidentally by Plunkett in 1938. He was working on freon and accidentally polymerised tetrafluoroethylene. The result was polytetrafluoroethylene, more commonly known as Teflon.
Gender equity enhances older couples
University : 21 July, 2007
Older couples who live in Western countries and who enjoy more equality between men and women are most likely to report being satisfied with their sex lives, according to a new study on sexual well-being, aging and health that was conducted in 29 countries by a University research team.
University researchers discover pathway that regulates growth of nerve cells along spinal cord
University : 21 July, 2007
The spinal cord
Study shows aspirin can help prevent polyps in colorectal cancer patients
University : 21 July, 2007
Taking one aspirin a day can prevent the development of precancerous polyps in patients at increased risk for colorectal cancer, according to a study by University researchers and colleagues published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Aspirin
New edition of European Plastics & Rubber Directory
Research Institute : 21 July, 2007
The European Plastics and Rubber Directory, now in its 17th year, is a unique directory that will keep your company in touch with the European plastics and rubber industry.
Study shows lonely people at greater risk of hypertension
University : 20 July, 2007
University psychologists have found a 30-point difference in systolic blood pressure readings between older Americans who experience loneliness and those who are not lonely, showing that loneliness could increase the risk of death from stroke and heart disease.
University : 20 July, 2007
Persistence pays, contends economist James Heckman, as do other non-cognitive skills, for both the individual and society. Like persistence, dependability and other under-studied traits probably play as important a role in work and school success as do more easily measured skills, such as those recorded on achievement tests, writes Heckman in a forthcoming book.
Vernacularization in cultures originates from informed choices about language, literature
University : 20 July, 2007
Cosmopolitanism has become a watchword for both good and ill. While it seems to stand for enlightened tolerance of and interest in diverse cultures, it may simultaneously stand for their eradication. But it may be a watchword that is misunderstood, after all, as Sheldon Pollock points out, it barely ever occurs in the original Greek, and there may be something just as shadowy about its modern-day occurrences.
New fuel cells polymer bulletin
Research Institute : 20 July, 2007
Fuel cells are growing rapidly in popularity and the abundance and diversity of research means it can be difficult to stay in touch with new developments.
Gene variation finding may open door to screenings for SIDS risk
University : 19 July, 2007
About 5 percent of deaths from sudden infant death syndrome in African Americans can be traced to defects in one gene, and half of those deaths result from a common genetic variation that increases an infant
Study shows urban law firms have grown, as has business litigation
University : 19 July, 2007
In the space of 20 years, the Chicago legal world changed from a relatively cozy establishment of lawyers in modest-sized firms to a profession dominated by large firms
Digestive disorder caused by gluten is common
University : 19 July, 2007
A massive, multicenter study has found that celiac disease, a digestive disorder, is much more common in the United States than previously believed. The study found that one out of every 133 Americans has celiac disease. Since only about one out of 4,700 Americans has been diagnosed, this means that 97 percent of cases in this country go undetected.
Polymers to challenge silicon in providing electrical functionality
Research Institute : 19 July, 2007
Polymers have always been essential components of many electronic devices and products and their sales are continuing to grow at well over 4% p.a. From their use in the fabrication of semiconductor chips and printed circuit boards, to their application in cables, connectors and equipment housings, polymeric materials play a vital role that cannot be achieved with any other materials.
Genome scan reveals recent adaptive evolution of over 700 human gene variants
University : 18 July, 2007
By scanning the entire human genome in search of genetic variations that may signal recent evolution, University researchers have found more than 700 genetic variants that may be targets of recent natural positive selection during the past 10,000 years of human evolution.
Cosmologists solving mysteries of gamma-ray bursts
University : 18 July, 2007
Astrophysicist Don Lamb has just completed one of the most scientifically explosive months of his career. Scientists announced that NASA
University : 18 July, 2007
Ugaritic is a uniquely hybrid early writing system similar to the Hebrew alphabet, in that it basically represents consonants. The difference is that the letters were written not in script but in wedge shapes with a stylus on clay tablets. This form of writing the alphabet was thus a formal imitation of the better-known Babylonian writing of Mesopotamia. Above is a drawing of the original text that tells the tale of how the god El holds a big feast at which he becomes drunk. The story is appended with medical instructions at the end, which Pardee interprets as a hangover cure.
New Guide advises best practice for low energy plastics processing
Research Institute : 18 July, 2007
There are many reasons for wanting to improve your energy efficiency, however, the most compelling reason for the plastics processing industry is that wasting energy costs money.
Survey shows altruism may create happier marriages
University : 17 July, 2007
In the nation
University : 17 July, 2007
Human evolution, in what has become our most important organ, the brain, is still under way, University researchers report in two related papers published in the Science. The studies show two genes linked to brain size are rapidly evolving in humans.
Physicians not implementing care management processes proven to increase quality of patient care
University : 17 July, 2007
Lawrence Casalino was the lead author of a paper that described how patients suffering from chronic disease are not receiving the benefits of many care management processes.
Rapra Technology's Reflects International Response to REACH
Research Institute : 17 July, 2007
Rapra Technology, a subsidiary of the US-based independent testing, consulting and contract research organisation, The Smithers Group, held its fifth RubberChem conference bringing together the international rubber chemicals industry to debate the issues at the heart of the industry.
Geologists discover unexpected evidence about Tibetan Plateau
University : 16 July, 2007
Geologists have learned that the height of the Tibetan Plateau, a vast, elevated region of central Asia sometimes called
University study challenges a conventional theory in evolution
University : 16 July, 2007
New data suggest that the accumulation of genetic changes is not solely determined by natural selection. A study by University researchers contradicts conventional theory by showing that the percentage of mutations accepted in evolution also is strongly swayed by the speed at which new mutations arrive at a gene: the faster the speed of new mutations, the greater the percentage of those mutations accepted.
University : 16 July, 2007
Former Illinois Gov. George Ryan
New book explores practical use of additives in polymers
Research Institute : 16 July, 2007
This book is designed as a practical text for use in the laboratories of the plastic producer and user industries and by others such as universities and institutions that are concerned with problems associated with additives and adventitious impurities in polymers.
New protein-binding method may lead to reduction of drug side effects
University : 15 July, 2007
The light-colored oval on this computer-generated image of a protein highlights the location of a dehydron, an unprotected dry region where water can easily get in to destroy the hydrogen bond that holds proteins together. The colored bars designate various amino acids (two of which are labeled in red), the building blocks of proteins.
Survey on physicians
University : 15 July, 2007
The first study of physician religious beliefs has found that 76 percent of doctors believe in God and 59 percent believe in some sort of afterlife. The survey, performed by researchers at the University and published in the July issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine, found that 90 percent of doctors in the United States attend religious services at least occasionally, compared to 81 percent of all adults. Fifty-five percent of doctors say their religious beliefs influence how they practice medicine.
Broken gene reveals evolution of salt retention, possible ties to hypertension
University : 15 July, 2007
Researchers at the University have found genetic evidence to support the sodium-retention hypothesis, a controversial 30-year-old theory that the high rate of hypertension in certain ethnic groups is caused, in part, by an inherited tendency to retain salt.
Computation scientists prepare to support collider research through grid computing
University : 14 July, 2007
Sometime thi year, the largest scientific instrument ever built will begin flowing massive quantities of data into an international network of computer centers, including one the University is operating jointly with Indiana University. The first phase of the Chicago-Indiana center, formally known as the Midwest Tier-2 center, is now up and running, crunching test data in preparation for the real thing.
Physicists describe strange, new fluid-like state of matter
University : 14 July, 2007
In this comparison of granular jets at atmospheric pressure and in a vacuum, a-c show images from a high-speed video of a granular jet produced by the impact of a heavy sphere at atmospheric pressure. d-f show images from a high-speed video of the jet at reduced pressure. Air compressed between the sand grains provides most of the energy that drives the jet.
Research team further explores exotic Fermion superfluid
University : 14 July, 2007
Cheng Chin, now a Chicago faculty member, and his colleagues conducted the experiments under the leadership of Rudolf Grimm at Innsbruck University in Austria. Their experiments may lead to a better scientific understanding of superconductivity and advance a growing new field called superchemistry. In the long term, they may also provide a strategy that could aid the development of quantum computers.
Researchers studying developmental path for generating B cells from stem cells
University : 14 July, 2007
Gene regulatory networks orchestrating the generation of a B-cell precursor from a hematopoietic stem cell are shown above. Four successive, interdependent developmental states are depicted. Each transition is enabled by distinct combinations of regulatory molecules (gene regulatory proteins like PU.1 and signaling receptors like IL-7R). Gene regulators activate or repress target genes whereas signaling receptors induce or modify the activities of gene regulators.
Research shows pre-
University : 13 July, 2007
The achievement gap between African Americans and whites, which narrowed for much of the 20th century, has stalled and is likely to persist for generations unless something is done to improve the learning experiences of African-American children, contends new research conducted by Derek Neal, Professor in Economics.
Air bubbles experiment could lead to new nanotech fibers
University : 13 July, 2007
Wendy Zhang, Assistant Professor in Physics and the College, is perfecting a technique that could lead scientists to develop extremely thin wires for use in biomedical and biotechnology procedures.
Evidence of battle at Hamoukar points to early urban development
University : 12 July, 2007
New details about the tragic end of one of the world
Study shows women of African ancestry diagnosed with more virulent form of breast
University : 12 July, 2007
A study comparing, for the first time, breast cancers in women from Nigeria, S
Chemosignal produced during lactation increases sexual motivation in women
University : 12 July, 2007
Breast-feeding women and their infants produce a substance that increases sexual desire among other women, according to a recent paper by University researchers.
Brain circuitry involved in language reveals differences in man, non-human primates
University : 11 July, 2007
What makes humans different from primates? How did we develop the ability to talk and to walk on two legs, yet be the only organism that seems vulnerable to neurodegenerative diseases.
Analyses pinpoint origin of asteroid
University : 11 July, 2007
This painting by Donald Davis depicts an asteroid slamming into tropical, shallow seas of the Yucatan Peninsula in what is today southeast Mexico. The aftermath of this immense asteroid collision, which occurred approximately 65 million years ago, is believed to have caused the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other species on Earth. The geological studies conducted by the University
Researchers create model to study birth defect
University : 11 July, 2007
A collaboration between clinical and basic scientists at the University has led to identifying the first genetic cause of one of the most common birth defects of the brain, Dandy-Walker malformation.
Cox-2 drugs overprescribed for years, study says
University : 10 July, 2007
The now-infamous pain relievers known as Cox-2 inhibitors were overprescribed long before their current problems came to light, a new study concludes. Most of the growth in Cox-2 use between 1999 and 2002 came among patients who were least likely to benefit, namely those without a high risk of gastrointestinal complications, according to the study. Cox-2 inhibitors were developed for patients who had gastrointestinal problems with over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen.
Physicists determine air gives liquids their splash
University : 10 July, 2007
Photographs of a drop of alcohol hitting a smooth, dry, glass surface show the drop in the first frame just before impact. The next three frames in each row show the evolution of the drop after impact. In the top row, the drop splashes at atmospheric pressure, followed by the next three rows, which show the drops under decreasing air pressure. In the fourth row, at the lowest pressure, there is no splashing and no apparent undulations in the rim.
New method is developed to measure blinking nanocrystals, boosting their technological value
University : 10 July, 2007
Matthew Pelton, a research fellow in the James Franck Institute at the University, adjusts a green laser used to monitor the sporadic blinking of quantum dots. Scientists at the University have discovered a better way to measure a confounding property of microscopic high-tech particles called quantum dots.
Genes specifying architecture of the human brain may have started evolving faster some 20 million years ago
University : 09 July, 2007
Genes that specify the architecture of the human brain seem to have started evolving faster some 20 million years ago, when the great apes split off from Old World monkeys.
How changes in daylight affect mood
University : 09 July, 2007
Among the mechanisms that regulate reproduction and health in humans and other animals is a biological clock, which researchers had thought was regulated primarily by sunlight until work by Brian Prendergast, Assistant Professor in Psychology, showed memory and genetics also play a role.
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