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Associations, Research Organisations and Universities
How galaxies form and what astronomers see in their telescopes
University : 09 July, 2007
Assistant Professor in Astronomy & Astrophysics, Andrey Kravtsov and a team of researchers have resolved an embarrassing contradiction between a favored theory of how galaxies form and what astronomers see in their telescopes.
 
Mammals may have evolved the delicate bone structure of the middle ear at least twice
University : 08 July, 2007
Mammals seem to have evolved the delicate bone structure of the middle ear at least twice. The surprising discovery comes from a fossil, found off the southern coast of Australia, that belongs to an ancestor of the platypus.
 
When patients choose prayer over treatment
University : 08 July, 2007
How do doctors interpret and respond to conflicts between their best medical advice and a patient
 
Crucial clue to understanding and ultimately eliminating sudden infant death syndrome
University : 08 July, 2007
Researchers may have found a crucial clue to understanding and ultimately eliminating sudden infant death syndrome, the leading cause of post-neonatal mortality in the United States. Approximately 3,000 infants die each year from the disorder, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
 
Research shows that food can have an impact in preventing cancer
Professional Society : 08 July, 2007
Researchers don't believe 'you are what you eat' with cancer. That disease is always a direct result of what is, or what isn't, on your dinner plate. But studies into the association between diet and cancer show that food can have an impact in preventing cancer, or in reducing the aggressiveness of the disease.
 
Keeping the brain active may help stave off signs of Alzheimer's disease
University : 07 July, 2007
A University of Chicago study found that mice that lived in an 'enriched environment' with chew toys, running wheels and tunnels that helped keep their brains and bodies active had lower levels of Alzheimer's-associated brain plaques and protein buildup than mice that lived in less stimulating surroundings.
 
Measuring medical personnel
University : 07 July, 2007
University researchers are using new technology to measure, for the first time, how closely well-trained hospital staff comply with established guidelines for cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. The results reveal room for improvement.
 
New compound found that blocks anthrax lethal factor
University : 07 July, 2007
Chicago scientists screened 10,000 small molecules for activity against anthrax lethal factor using peptide arrays and mass spectrometry.
 
Lifestyle decisions may alter cancer risk
Professional Society : 07 July, 2007
Lifestyle decisions, such as smoking and consumption of fatty foods, have long been linked to increased cancer risk. During recent years, scientists have been seeking to isolate a variety of personal choices that may stave off the onset of cancer or even reduce tumor formation in their early stages.
 
Obesity not as deadly as government thought
University : 06 July, 2007
Putting on weight is not nearly as deadly as the government thought, according to a new calculation from the CDC that found people who are modestly overweight actually have a lower risk of death than those of normal weight.
 
Graduation rates overstated
University : 06 July, 2007
The University
 
Genes involved in evolution of brain development identified by researchers
University : 06 July, 2007
Two genes implicated in the dramatic expansion of the human cerebral cortex, a development considered to be one of the hallmarks of human evolution have been identified by researchers.
 
Vaccine helped stimulate immune cell production in up to 70 percent of patients
Professional Society : 06 July, 2007
University of Nottingham researchers observed, in a clinical trial of 67 patients, that when the vaccines were administered before and after surgery to remove cancerous tumors, they helped stimulate immune cell production in up to 70 percent of patients. These results are published in the Clinical Cancer Research.
 
Sweat odor affects women and homosexual men alike
University : 05 July, 2007
Strong airborne chemicals emitted in male perspiration and associated with sexual reproduction trigger a heightened response in the brains of homosexual men similar to that seen in heterosexual women.
 
Possibilities for RIA
University : 05 July, 2007
Mark Kedzie of Argonne National Laboratory's Physics Division examines a module of superconducting resonators that accelerate particles at Argonne's ATLAS facility. RIA would incorporate this technology.
 
Extensive gene traffic discovered by researchers
University : 05 July, 2007
University researchers have discovered there is extensive gene
 
Smoking and concurrent infection with high levels of virus associated with cervical cancer can greatly increase cancer risk
Professional Society : 05 July, 2007
According to a study published in the Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, cigarette smoking and concurrent infection with high levels of the virus associated with cervical cancer can increase cancer risk by as much as 27 times.
 
Study finds those who outgrow foster care still struggle
University : 04 July, 2007
As the definition of adulthood has shifted in this country and young people are living with their parents even into their 20's, one group has been mostly left behind in this phenomenon: thousands of people who grow up in foster care.
 
Hope for finding clues to earliest life
University : 04 July, 2007
Experiments led by the University
 
Arm bone find explains animal evolution from water to land
University : 04 July, 2007
How land-living animals evolved from fish has long been a scientific puzzle. An important part of the mystery is the transformation of the fins of fish into the arms and legs of humans
 
Spotlight on Molecular Profiling launched by NCI scientists
Professional Society : 04 July, 2007
National Cancer Institute scientists and their colleagues have introduced a new series of research articles, 'Spotlight on Molecular Profiling,' in the Molecular Cancer Therapeutics*.
 
Keep blood pressure low the sweet way
University : 03 July, 2007
According to a new study, eating half a bar of dark chocolate each day may lower high blood pressure though experts cautioned that the results should not be read as an invitation for chocoholics to pig out.
 
Calculating electronic properties of molecules
University : 03 July, 2007
David Mazziotti, University quantum chemist has proposed a new research tool that could help scientists more rapidly solve problems in atmospheric chemistry, combustion, medicine and other areas of research where the behavior of electrons plays a key role.
 
Smokers are more aware of secondhand smoke
University : 03 July, 2007
Advertisements like those created by the state of Washington Department of Health, may have contributed to a decline in secondhand smoke in households, as did the restrictions on smoking in public places.
 
Physically activity can reduce risk of smokers developing lung cancer
Professional Society : 03 July, 2007
Researchers found, in a study of more than 36,000 women, that smokers can reduce their risk of developing lung cancer by being physically active. However, they strongly caution that any relative benefit is dwarfed by the benefits gained from quitting smoking.
 
A clearer view of how grains flow
University : 02 July, 2007
The University of Chicago feels far from the Midwest's farms, but experiments at the Hyde Park campus could prove useful to corn and grain growers.
 
Genes that regulate brain development and function resulted from intense evolutionary selection
University : 02 July, 2007
Researchers have reported new findings that show genes that regulate brain development and function evolved much more rapidly in humans than in nonhuman primates and other mammals because of natural selection processes unique to the human lineage.
 
Researchers anticipate results on rare gamma rays
University : 02 July, 2007
Black holes, remnants of exploded stars and other exotic celestial objects emit streams of gamma rays that carry trillions of times more energy across the universe than visible light. Scott Wakely considers gamma rays the juiciest portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
 
Smokers reducing amount of cigarettes still experience greater exposure to toxins
Professional Society : 02 July, 2007
According to a new study by researchers at the University of Minnesota, heavy smokers who have reduced their number of daily cigarettes still experience significantly greater exposure to toxins per cigarette than light smokers.
 
Be small and live in deep, tropical water to avoid becoming a fossil
University : 01 July, 2007
A scientist at University of Chicago and colleagues say they've found the best way to avoid becoming a fossil is to be small and live in deep, tropical water. The four paleontologists who have published a detailed, global study of clam preservation say their work is intended to enhance evolutionary studies by determining what's missing from the fossil record and why.
 
Study suggests women seem better able to survive social isolation than men
University : 01 July, 2007
A pioneering University of Chicago research team reported that female rodents handle stress much better than males, which may hint at why women seem better able to survive social isolation than men.
 
Studies find growth genes keep rapidly mutating
University : 01 July, 2007
Nature apparently thinks you can, according to two University of Chicago studies providing the first scientific evidence that the human brain is still evolving, a process that may ultimately increase people's capacity to grow smarter.
 
Nearly half of smokers who had surgery for early stage lung cancer smoked again
Professional Society : 01 July, 2007
Close to half of 154 smokers who had surgery to remove early stage lung cancer picked up a cigarette again within 12 months of their potentially curative operation, and more than one-third were smoking at the one year mark, a study has found.
 
Human pancreatic cancer stem cells identified
Professional Society : 01 July, 2007
University of Michigan Medical Center researchers have, for the first time, identified human pancreatic cancer stem cells.
 
Subatomic particle that reverses identity 3 trillion times a second
University : 30 June, 2007
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Physicists have reported what would seem to set a new standard for vacillation: a subatomic particle that reverses identity three trillion times a second, switching into its upside-down mirror-image evil-twin antimatter opposite and then back again.
 
Human genes still evolving
University : 30 June, 2007
A comprehensive scan of the human genome finds that hundreds of our genes have undergone positive natural selection during the past 10,000 years of human evolution.
 
Studies hint that brain may still be evolving
University : 30 June, 2007
Researchers say that two genes involved in determining the size of the human brain have undergone substantial evolution in the last 60,000 years, leading to the surprising suggestion that the brain is still undergoing rapid evolution.
 
Biomarkers found with potential to predict breast cancer spread
Professional Society : 30 June, 2007
According to researchers, expression of two different proteins taken from primary tumor biopsies is highly associated with spread of breast cancer to nearby lymph nodes. They say this protein profile could help identify at an early stage those patients whose disease is likely to metastasize.
 
Scientists detect cancer-causing chemicals associated with tobacco smoke in the urine of babies of smoking parents
Professional Society : 30 June, 2007
When mom or dad puffs on a cigarette, their infants may inhale the resulting second-hand smoke. Now, scientists have detected cancer-causing chemicals associated with tobacco smoke in the urine of nearly half the babies of smoking parents.
 
Sex survey reveals couples in Western countries are the most satisfied
University : 29 June, 2007
A groundbreaking international sex survey reveals that couples in Western countries are the most sexually satisfied, while countries in the East appear to be less satisfied.
 
Key gene mystery unlocked by scientists
University : 29 June, 2007
For three decades scientists have known that humans and chimpanzees share 99 percent of the same genes, but they have been at a loss to explain what causes the two to be so obviously different physically, behaviorally and mentally.
 
Ideas to treat flu in a pinch
University : 29 June, 2007
Despite recent moves by the federal government to build drug stockpiles for a possible outbreak of avian flu, some experts say the plans so far have neglected a key possibility: What if a pandemic strikes before the stockpiles are in place?
 
MicroRNA molecules help control oncogene responsible for dangerous form of leukemia
Professional Society : 29 June, 2007
Ohio State University researchers have discovered that two microRNA molecules help control the oncogene responsible for a dangerous form of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the most common human leukemia in the world.
 
Juice packs a punch on prostate cancer
Professional Society : 29 June, 2007
According to a study published in the Clinical Cancer Research, pomegranate juice packs a punch on prostate cancer that prolongs post-surgery PSA doubling time, drives down cancer cell proliferation and causes prostate cancer cells to die.
 
Chicago physics professor helps convert three atoms into a special state of matter
University : 28 June, 2007
A University of Chicago physics professor is among a team of researchers who've converted three atoms into a special state of matter.
 
Diabetes cure work backed by scientists
University : 28 June, 2007
When Denise Faustman announced that she had cured mice of diabetes, funders didn't exactly beat a path to her door, and colleagues didn't shower her with hosannas.
 
Impotence can be a warning sign for heart disease
University : 28 June, 2007
A University of Chicago study has found impotence also can be a warning sign for heart disease. Researchers found the link between impotence and heart disease is stronger than that of any other known risk factor, including smoking, family history and high blood pressure.
 
New biomarker raises hope of earlier detection and better treatment of breast cancer
Professional Society : 28 June, 2007
Dartmouth Medical School researchers have linked a structural protein called nestin to a particularly deadly form of breast cancer, identifying a new biomarker that could lead to earlier detection and better treatment.
 
Risk of developing tissue abnormalities higher for women infected with multiple genotypes
Professional Society : 28 June, 2007
According to a study published in the Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, the risk for developing the tissue abnormalities, or lesions, that typically precede cervical cancer is much higher for women infected with multiple genotypes of the human papillomavirus than previously reported.
 
Sleeping difficulties suffered by millions of women during their lives
University : 27 June, 2007
Martha Yasso, like many mothers of young children, was tired all the time, tired that whenever her 3-year-old son went down for a nap, she grabbed the chance to rest as well. But even with those precious extra minutes of sleep, she was still so exhausted by late afternoon that she could barely keep her eyes open.
 
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