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Associations, Research Organisations and Universities
Test helps identify patients with breast cancer who will likely benefit from chemotherapy and those who won
Professional Society : 10 June, 2007
According to researchers, a test that measures the amounts of 2 members of the same protein family, one of which appears to act as an oncogene, and the other as a tumor suppressor, helps identify patients with breast cancer who will likely benefit from chemotherapy and those who won
 
Fragments of cosmic rays find potential role in homeland security
National Laboratory : 09 June, 2007
Cosmic particles could someday lead to the detection of smuggled nuclear materials, according to researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory. In a paper appearing in Nature magazine, (vol. 422, p. 277), a team of Los Alamos National Laboratory astrophysicists and physicists notes that in both laboratory experiments and corresponding computer simulations, dense materials such as uranium can be detected and imaged by tracking the paths of muons as they pass through the target materials.
 
Creating fusion energy in a soda can
National Laboratory : 09 June, 2007
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory and the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory in Albuquerque, N.M., are investigating a way to create fusion energy in a cylinder roughly the size of a soda can.
 
Researchers demonstrate ultra-secure, long-distance quantum key distribution
National Laboratory : 09 June, 2007
Los Alamos National Laboratory and the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder have demonstrated unconditionally secure quantum key distribution over a record-setting 107 kilometers of optical fiber. The work is a significant step towards enabling communication with an unprecedented level of security over long distances of optical fiber.
 
Scientists say abrupt climate change presents unappreciated challenges to society
University : 09 June, 2007
Scientific evidence suggests that abrupt climate change may be more typical of Earth
 
Experiment may resolve mystery of high-energy cosmic rays
University : 09 June, 2007
A strange source from beyond the galaxy periodically zaps Earth with high-energy cosmic rays from all directions. So far, the two leading experiments devoted to the detection and understanding of these rays have yielded contradictory results.
 
Concept of extra dimensions showing signs of scientific revolution
University : 09 June, 2007
According to a panel of experts, the concept of extra dimensions, dismissed as nonsense even by one of its earliest proponents nearly nine decades ago, may soon help solve seemingly unrelated problems in particle physics, cosmology and gravitational physics.
 
Chemical form of vitamin E dramatically reduced spread of aggressive mammary cancer in mice
Professional Society : 09 June, 2007
According to a report in journal Cancer Research, achemically altered form of vitamin E mixed into mouse chow dramatically reduced spread of aggressive mammary cancer in mice, suggesting that the compound in pill form could be used to treat human metastatic cancer.
 
Los Alamos high-temperature superconducting tape licensed
National Laboratory : 08 June, 2007
Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory has licensed patents and applications related to its technology for manufacturing high-temperature superconducting tape to IGC-SuperPower of Latham, N.Y., a wholly owned subsidiary of Intermagnetics General Corp.
 
Muon detector could thwart nuclear smugglers
National Laboratory : 08 June, 2007
Trillions of cosmic rays that constantly bombard Earth could help catch smugglers trying to bring nuclear weapons or materials into the United States. Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have developed a detector that can see through lead or other heavy shielding in truck trailers or cargo containers to detect uranium, plutonium or other dense materials.
 
Los Alamos National Laboratory device saves millions on nuclear waste assay
National Laboratory : 08 June, 2007
A Los Alamos National Laboratory device that measures radioactive wastes will save the U. S. Department of Energy and its subcontractors about $4 million a year when it is installed this month at DOE's Y-12 Plant at Oak Ridge, TN.
 
Unsuspected cause for asthma-inducing ground-level ozone pinpointed
University : 08 June, 2007
The four panels in this figure show four estimates of atmospheric pressure that is characteristic during times of elevated ground-level ozone in the state of Illinois. The figure shows that during times of elevated ground-level ozone, more often than not there will be a high-pressure dome (the reddish area in panel C) centered over southeast Canada. Under elevated ground-level ozone conditions, the normal surface westerlies (west-to-east winds) are weakened or stopped altogether, accompanied by weaker than usual surface southerlies and weaker than usual northerlies at altitudes of eight to nine miles.
 
New sticky force that binds proteins could lead to better drug design
University : 08 June, 2007
Scientists at University of Chicago have discovered a new sticky force that binds together proteins, the stuff of which life is made. The discovery may lead to a more effective design of drugs that prevent harmful proteins from attaching to one another.
 
Motors of light to power small electronic devices
University : 08 June, 2007
Physicists at the University of Chicago have successfully measured the angular momentum carried by tiny rings of light called optical vortices, an important step in harnessing their energy to power microelectromechanical Systems. University of Chicago Physics Professor David Grier and a former Ph.D. student, Jennifer Curtis, now a researcher at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, will present their data in the next issue of Physical Review Letters.
 
Chemicals found in grape seeds significantly inhibited growth of colorectal tumors in both cell cultures and in mice
Professional Society : 08 June, 2007
According to researchers who have already demonstrated the extract's anti-cancer effects in other tumor types, chemicals in grape seeds significantly inhibited growth of colorectal tumors in cell cultures & mice
 
Los Alamos National Laboratory to provide electrical characterization for novel energy project
National Laboratory : 07 June, 2007
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory will be providing special electrical characterization of components used in the first high temperature superconducting transformer installed in a U.S. electric utility network, as partners in a project that could improve the way electrical energy is delivered in America.
 
Los Alamos National Laboratory's Atlas machine begins experimental work
National Laboratory : 07 June, 2007
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory performed the first liner implosion shot on the Atlas pulsed power facility recently. This successful experiment demonstrated that the Atlas facility is ready to support the Laboratory's research work relating to the certification of the nuclear weapons stockpile.
 
Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher presents bright idea
National Laboratory : 07 June, 2007
Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory are exploring methods for creating more electrically efficient organic light-emitting diodes, technology that could be used to create energy-efficient panels of light for use in buildings or homes.
 
Carnivorous dinosaur identified from fossil bones in India
University : 07 June, 2007
American and Indian scientists, working with support from the National Geographic Society have identified a stocky, carnivorous dinosaur with an unusual head crest from bones collected in India. The scientists have named the animal Rajasaurus narmadensis.
 
Tiny particles in the air found to have large impact on infant health
University : 07 June, 2007
According to new research published by a University of Chicago economist specializing in environmental regulation and his colleague at the University of California, Berkeley, pollution particles probably have a greater impact on infant health than has previously been realized.
 
University of Chicago study shows going to services leads to more charity
University : 07 June, 2007
According to a study by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago, Americans on average give selflessly of themselves at least 109 times a year, with religiousness being the strongest determinant of how often people reach out to help.
 
Human papillomavirus test is a better long-term predictor of cervical cell abnormalities than pap smear
Professional Society : 07 June, 2007
For younger women, the best initial cervical cancer screening tool is still the traditional Pap smear. However, a large Danish study has found that for older women (age 40 and older), a test for HPV is a much more effective way to screen for potential cancer.
 
Los Alamos National Laboratory advances the art and science of aerogels
National Laboratory : 06 June, 2007
University of California researchers working at Los Alamos National Laboratory have recently demonstrated a novel method for chemically modifying and enhancing silica-based aerogels without sacrificing the aerogels unique properties. Aerogels are low-density, transparent materials used in a wide range of applications, including thermal insulation, porous separation media, inertial confinement fusion experiments and cometary dust capture agents.
 
Scientists explore complex nature of superconductivity
National Laboratory : 06 June, 2007
Researchers from the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at Los Alamos National Laboratory believe they have discovered evidence to support leading theories about the underlying mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity. Through research in high magnetic fields, they hope to have made one more step toward a complete understanding of this complex phenomenon.
 
Researchers from US and Russia develop process for making pure titanium medical implants
National Laboratory : 06 June, 2007
Scientists from the Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory and Ufa State Aviation Technical University in Russia have developed a process for making strong, lightweight and corrosion-resistant medical implant material from pure titanium.
 
University of Chicago research shows sexual orientation among men is connected with brain metabolism
University : 06 June, 2007
University of Chicago researchers have shown for the first time that strong sexual orientation among men appears to be connected with brain metabolism. The researchers report on a study that shows differences between exclusively homosexual and exclusively heterosexual men in glucose metabolism in the hypothalamus and other brain areas following the administration of fluoxetine, a drug commonly called Prozac.
 
University of Chicago researchers find sleep boosts ability to learn language
University : 06 June, 2007
University of Chicago scientists have demonstrated that sleeping has an important and previously unrecognized impact on improving people
 
Hidden epidemic of chlamydia identified in China
University : 06 June, 2007
According to a study by researchers in China, the University of Chicago and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, China has a large, undetected epidemic of the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia, which typically does not have symptoms and has not been recorded in official health statistics.
 
Way to block growth of prostate cancer cells discovered by scientists
Professional Society : 06 June, 2007
A specific biochemical pathway by which the sex hormone, androgen, increases levels of harmful chemicals called reactive oxygen species in the prostate gland that play a role in the development of prostate cancer has been discovered by scientists for the first time . They found that a drug that blocks this pathway significantly prolonged survival and inhibited tumour development in mice that were genetically engineered to spontaneously develop prostate cancer and die of the disease.
 
World record length carbon nanotube
National Laboratory : 05 June, 2007
Chemists from Duke University in collaboration with University of California scientists working at Los Alamos National Laboratory have recently grown a world record-length four-centimeter-long, single-wall carbon nanotube.
 
Superconducting coated conductors in magnetic field environments
National Laboratory : 05 June, 2007
Scientists at University of California's Los Alamos National Laboratory with a researcher from the University of Cambridge have demonstrated a simple and industrially scaleable method for improving the current densities of superconducting coated conductors in magnetic field environments.
 
Studying the noisy nature of atoms
National Laboratory : 05 June, 2007
Scientists at University of California's Los Alamos National Laboratory have demonstrated a way to use the random fluctuations that exist naturally in all magnetic systems to perform magnetic resonance studies without disturbing the system's natural state.
 
Pterosaur fossils found in the Sahara by Paleontologists
University : 05 June, 2007
Paul Sereno, a paleontologist at University of Chicago, examines the teeth and jaws of a model of a new species of pterosaur discovered in the southern Sahara. The pterosaur model was created by paleoartist Gary Staab of Golden, Colo.
 
Monkeys' behaviour may be more the result of nature than nurture
University : 05 June, 2007
An experiment with monkeys, by the University of Chicago, who were switched between mothers soon after birth has demonstrated the importance of nature over nurture in behavior. Baby monkeys reared by a mother other than their own are more likely to exhibit the aggressive or friendly behavior of their birth mothers rather than the behavior of their foster mothers.
 
Persistent memory in droplets leads to useful discovery by scientists
University : 05 June, 2007
A drop of water drips through silicone oil showing that the neck of the drop is initially a smooth parabola around the drop
 
Embryonic stem cell vaccinations prevent lung cancer in mice
Professional Society : 05 June, 2007
American researchers have found that vaccinating mice with embryonic stem cells prevented lung cancer in those animals that had cancer cells transplanted into them after the vaccination or that had been exposed to cancer-causing chemicals.
 
Putting the squeeze on electron spins
National Laboratory : 04 June, 2007
Scientists at University of California's Los Alamos National Laboratory have found a novel method for controlling and measuring electron spins in semiconductor crystals of GaAs (gallium arsenide). The work suggests an alternative, and perhaps even better, way of spin manipulation for future generations of 'semiconductor spintronic' devices.
 
Scientists bridge superconductivity gap
National Laboratory : 04 June, 2007
Researchers at University of California's Los Alamos National Laboratory working with a researcher from Chonnam National University in South Korea have discovered that magnetic fluctuations appear to be responsible for superconductivity in a compound called plutonium-cobalt-pentagallium.
 
Atomic mysteries of ancient pigment explored by scientists
National Laboratory : 04 June, 2007
Scientists from the University of California's National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Pulsed Field Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, working with colleagues from Tokyo Metropolitan University, the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina, the National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics in Estonia, the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida and the University of Tokyo, have found an ideal candidate for Bose-Einstein condensation in the ancient Chinese pigment, Han Purple.
 
University of Chicago research shows babies tune into others
University : 04 June, 2007
The ability to understand intentions of others is fundamental to human thought. We automatically interpret a person
 
Study finds urban areas organized in well developed partnering
University : 04 June, 2007
A new study by a University of Chicago research team reveals as more people remain single for longer periods of time, or become single because of divorce, elaborate
 
New method of storing hydrogen found by scientists
University : 04 June, 2007
Scientists at the University of Chicago have proposed a new way of storing hydrogen fuel in the online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
 
MEK Enzyme inhibitor is capable of producing stable disease in patients with advanced solid cell cancers
Professional Society : 04 June, 2007
Early tests of a MEK enzyme inhibitor have shown that it can produce long-lasting stable disease in patients with advanced solid cancers. Trials showed that the drug inhibited key targets in the patients' tumours, and now it is being tested in phase II clinical trials.
 
First map of ice on Mars
National Laboratory : 03 June, 2007
Bill Feldman, a Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist, says lurking just beneath the surface of Mars is enough water to cover the entire planet ankle-deep. Feldman released the first global map of hydrogen distribution identified by instruments aboard NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft and offered initial minimum estimates of the total amount of water stored near the Martian surface. His presentation came at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Denver.
 
Neutralizing the world's most deadly killers
National Laboratory : 03 June, 2007
The Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have developed a method for neutralizing some of the world's most deadly killers, chemical and biological warfare agents. Using a newly developed Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet, workers can quickly decontaminate areas tainted with chemical or biological weapons. The process uses electrically charged helium and oxygen gas to create a chemically reactive spray that destroys killer agents on contact.
 
Hidden magnetism in superconductivity
National Laboratory : 03 June, 2007
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered, while studying a compound made of the elements cerium- rhodium-indium, that a magnetic state can coexist with superconductivity in a specific temperature and pressure range.
 
Chicago Public Schools
University : 03 June, 2007
Chicago Public Schools
 
Cause for what makes good cell go bad sought by scientists
University : 03 June, 2007
University of Chicago research may help explain why identical cellular twins will follow different cell fates despite being exposed to the same environment. Genetic mutations, sudden, random and usually harmful changes to the structure of a gene, are only one factor that determines the ultimate fate of a cell. Chicago scientists have discovered that a non-genetic molecular process also can play a role, and that experimenters can influence this process in bacteria, they report in the journal Nature.
 
Gestures that mimic language developed by adults and children
University : 03 June, 2007
University of Chicago research on the use of gestures among deaf children and experiments with adults shows the ability to develop a form of communication that becomes an actual language is apparently innate.
 
Diptheria toxin and interleukin 2 help immune system kill melanoma in humans
Professional Society : 03 June, 2007
Researchers who are studying ways of prompting the immune system to recognise and kill tumour cells have found that a drug containing parts of the diptheria toxin appears to work well in patients with advanced melanoma (skin cancer). In the first part of a phase II clinical trial to test the drug denileukin diftitox, also known as DAB(389)IL2 or ONTAK, in melanoma five out of seven patients with stage IV disease experienced significant regression or stabilisation of both tumours and metastases. The two other patients in whom the disease progressed were on a lower dose of the drug. All the patients are still alive after one year.
 
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