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Nanotechnology
A step closer to a Malaria vaccine
Nanotechnology : 29 April, 2007
An international team of scientists that includes a researcher from the U.S. Department of Energy
 
X-rays yield pictures and chemical clues that may help trace contaminants, thwart terrorists
Nanotechnology : 29 April, 2007
As part of the search for better ways to track and clean up soil contaminants, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have developed a new way to 'image' the internal chemistry of bacteria.
 
Reverse reaction offers way to break carbon-hydrogen bonds
Nanotechnology : 28 April, 2007
In the annals of chemistry, there are many examples of hydrogen atoms moving from metals to carbon atoms. But no one has ever directly observed the reverse reaction, hydrogen atoms moving from carbon to a metal, until now. Using lasers and time-resolved infrared spectroscopy, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Scientists study and learn to prevent Nanoparticle Merging
Nanotechnology : 28 April, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Another brain receptor confirmed to affect alcohol intake; may serve as treatment target
Nanotechnology : 28 April, 2007
A new set of experiments in mice confirms that a brain receptor associated with the reinforcing effects of marijuana also helps to stimulate the rewarding and pleasurable effects of alcohol.
 
Filling Nanocontainers with liquid
Nanotechnology : 27 April, 2007
In research that may help advance many emerging nanotechnologies, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Unique method used to determine chemical dynamics in combustion
Nanotechnology : 27 April, 2007
Chemists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Technique identifies candidate amino acid sites that control protein functions
Nanotechnology : 27 April, 2007
With more and more protein sequence data available, scientists are increasingly looking for ways to extract the small subset of information that determines a protein
 
Aerosols in many arctic clouds warm up ground surface
Nanotechnology : 26 April, 2007
Enhanced aerosol concentrations increase the amount of thermal energy emitted by many Arctic clouds, according to scientists supported by the Department of Energy
 
Common food preservative might provide treatment for Cystic Fibrosis
Nanotechnology : 26 April, 2007
Researchers led by a University of Cincinnati scientist say they have discovered what might be the
 
A Ferroelectric material reveals unexpected, intriguing behavior
Nanotechnology : 26 April, 2007
In electronics-based technologies, metal-oxide compounds known as
 
Brookhaven Scientists study liquid Nanodrops
Nanotechnology : 25 April, 2007
Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Structure of a molecular-scale circuit component
Nanotechnology : 25 April, 2007
At the U.S. Department of Energy
 
New study questions the effects of cosmic proton radiation on human cells
Nanotechnology : 25 April, 2007
In deep space, protons are the most abundant type of charged particle. Therefore, before astronauts can safely travel far from Earth for long periods of time, it is important to know how protons affect cells, particularly the cells
 
Three enzyme structures that may help scientists understand disease processes and develop new drugs
Nanotechnology : 25 April, 2007
Selection of the centers, slated to receive about $300 million over the next five years, marks the second half of the decade-long initiative funded largely by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health.
 
Details of protein-cleaving complex key to microbe
Nanotechnology : 24 April, 2007
With the hope of designing more effective treatments for tuberculosis, scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Genomic tags quickly catalog species, distinguish pathogens from harmless relatives
Nanotechnology : 24 April, 2007
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Protein structure initiative advances to rapid production phase
Nanotechnology : 24 April, 2007
With the announcement of 10 new research centers, the Protein Structure Initiative launches the second phase of its national effort to find the three-dimensional shapes of a wide range of proteins. This structural information will help reveal the roles that proteins play in health and disease and will help point the way to designing new medicines.
 
Freezing magnets with magnets
Nanotechnology : 23 April, 2007
A
 
Shrinking magnetic storage media down to the nanoscale
Nanotechnology : 23 April, 2007
In the world of electronic and magnetic devices, the goal is to get smaller.
 
New wrinkle in the mystery of high-tc superconductors
Nanotechnology : 22 April, 2007
In the twenty years since the discovery of high-temperature superconductors, scientists have been trying to understand the mechanism by which electrons pair up and move coherently to carry electrical current with no resistance.
 
Malaria mechanism revealed
Nanotechnology : 22 April, 2007
By determining the molecular structure of a protein that enables malaria parasites to invade red blood cells, researchers have uncovered valuable clues for rational antimalarial drug design and vaccine development.
 
Using probes to control chemistry, Molecule by molecule
Nanotechnology : 21 April, 2007
Using probes originally designed to detect and image topographical features on surfaces, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
MINOS experiment sheds light on mystery of neutrino disappearance
Nanotechnology : 21 April, 2007
An international collaboration of scientists at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the first results of a new neutrino experiment. Sending a high-intensity beam of muon neutrinos from the lab
 
New combination method determines physical and electronic structure of individual specimens
Nanotechnology : 20 April, 2007
For the first time, researchers have directly measured the electronic structure of individual carbon nanotubes whose physical properties had already been determined. This new study, pioneered by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
A synthetic peptide that mimics effects of tissue growth factor known as fibroblast growth factor
Nanotechnology : 20 April, 2007
Researchers from BioSurface Engineering Technologies, Inc. and the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a synthetic peptide that mimics the effects of a tissue growth factor known as fibroblast growth factor, or FGF. FGFs are a family of proteins in the human body responsible for the proliferation, repair, and differentiation of cells in many tissues. BioSET has an exclusive license to develop and market these bioactive analogs.
 
New X-ray delivery method could improve radiation therapy
Nanotechnology : 19 April, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Discovery could lead to stronger antibiotics
Nanotechnology : 19 April, 2007
Collaborating with the McGill team, Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers Marc Allaire and Natalia Moiseeva from the Lab's National Synchrotron Light Source used x-rays to visualize a bacterial membrane protein complex.
 
Liquid alloy shows solid-like crystal structure at surface
Nanotechnology : 18 April, 2007
A substance used in nanotechnology contains unusual structures at its surface, a team of researchers led by Oleg Shpyrko, Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellow at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Finding suggests new target for treatments aimed at stopping addiction
Nanotechnology : 18 April, 2007
Ask anyone who has been addicted to drugs and they
 
One-two particle punch poses greater risk for Astronauts
Nanotechnology : 17 April, 2007
It doesn
 
New methods for screening nanoparticles
Nanotechnology : 17 April, 2007
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Modeling the movement of electrons at the molecular scale
Nanotechnology : 16 April, 2007
Finding more efficient ways of storing and using energy requires scientists to first look at the particles that set these fundamental processes in motion, the electrons. Controlling the movement of electrons through individual molecules could allow for the development of new technologies such as small-scale circuits to be used for a variety of applications including improved solar cells.
 
Understanding the chemistry of ionic liquids for nuclear fuel reprocessing
Nanotechnology : 16 April, 2007
With the rising cost and dwindling supply of fossil fuels, nuclear power may again be considered a plausible energy option in the U.S. Safety is the public
 
Using microbes to fuel the U.S. hydrogen economy
Nanotechnology : 15 April, 2007
 
Lasers shine light on chemical reactions
Nanotechnology : 14 April, 2007
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Lasers shine light on chemical reactions
Nanotechnology : 14 April, 2007
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
How chemistry has enhanced scientists
Nanotechnology : 14 April, 2007
Molecular imaging using positron emission tomography continues to provide new knowledge about how brain circuits are altered by addictive drugs. Chemist Joanna Fowler, Director of the Center for Translational Neuroimaging at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Contradicts use of transporter levels as diagnostic indicator; suggests need for more study
Nanotechnology : 13 April, 2007
Results from a brain-imaging study conducted at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Findings implicate brain circuits involved in drug craving and emotional response to food
Nanotechnology : 13 April, 2007
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Stardust papers give insight into early solar system
Nanotechnology : 12 April, 2007
The preliminary examination of space dust brought back to Earth by NASA
 
Brain-mapping, psychological studies support mechanism for compromised control in drug addiction
Nanotechnology : 12 April, 2007
People addicted to cocaine have an impaired ability to perceive rewards and exercise control due to disruptions in the brain
 
Findings may help reduce crop loss, improve biological reactivity of other compounds
Nanotechnology : 11 April, 2007
Scientists studying a plant enzyme involved in producing chemicals for defense against fungal infections have found that this enzyme can perform two distinct functions depending on the raw materials present. The results include atomic-level protein structures that illustrate how distinct molecules take on similar shapes when bound with the enzyme, which makes the dual action possible.
 
Single amino acid substitution supports theory of common origin some 2.5 billion years ago
Nanotechnology : 11 April, 2007
By making a single substitution in the amino acid sequence of a modern enzyme, scientists have changed its function into that of a theoretical distant ancestor, providing the first experimental evidence for the common origin of the two distinct enzyme types.
 
Diamonds from outer space: Geologists discover origin of Earth
Nanotechnology : 10 April, 2007
If indeed
 
Dartmouth study contributes to research addressing malnutrition and iron deficiency
Nanotechnology : 10 April, 2007
Dartmouth biologists are leading a research team that has learned where and how some plant seeds store iron, a valuable discovery for scientists working to improve the iron content of plants. This research helps address the worldwide issue of iron deficiency and malnutrition. Their findings were published online on Nov. 2 at ScienceExpress, the advance publication site for the journal Science.
 
Scientists discover gold clusters stabilize platinum electrocatalysts for use in fuel cells
Nanotechnology : 09 April, 2007
Platinum is the most efficient electrocatalyst for accelerating chemical reactions in fuel cells for electric vehicles. In reactions during the stop-and-go driving of an electric car, however, the platinum dissolves, which reduces its efficiency as a catalyst. This is a major impediment for vehicle-application of fuel cells.
 
One mystery of high-tc superconductivity resolved
Nanotechnology : 09 April, 2007
Research published online in the journal Science this week by Tonica Valla, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Deadly mechanism, shared by plant and animal pathogens, may yield target for new drugs
Nanotechnology : 13 November, 2006
Scientists studying the germs that cause the Black Plague, plant infections, and colds have discovered that these three very different microorganisms share a common strategy: They all prevent the cells they're attacking from calling out for help. In a paper appearing in the November 24 issue of Science, the scientists describe how all three organisms produce a similar protein to interfere with the infected cells' chemical signaling pathways, which are designed to alert the immune system to attack the germs.
 
Brookhaven lab researchers develop a method for producing electrodes using nanoscale materials
Nanotechnology : 25 September, 2006
Using nanoscale materials, researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy
 
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