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Nanotechnology
Nanocrystals show a quick route to change
Nanotechnology : 11 November, 2004
Just as the Microtechnology Age was built upon the introduction of impurities into crystals of semiconductor materials, so, too, will crystalline doping be the bedrock upon which the Nanotechnology Age is built.
 
Researchers discover nanoscale 'living necklace'
Nanotechnology : 08 November, 2004
An unexpected discovery called a 'living necklace' could be instrumental in the production of miniaturized materials with many applications. The scientists envision applications based on both the tight bundle and living necklace phases. For example, metallisation of necklace bundles with different sizes and shapes would yield nanomaterials with controlled optical properties.
 
Tiny tools carve glass
Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) : 02 November, 2004
Tools so tiny that they are difficult to see, are solving the problems of carving patterns in glass, ceramics and other brittle materials.
 
Air bubbles in breakfast syrup illustrate potential pathway to new technology
Nanotechnology : 01 November, 2004
The behavior of air bubbles in ordinary breakfast syrup demonstrates how scientists might be able to make vanishingly thin tubes and fibres for biomedical and other applications.
 
A nanowire with a surprise
Nanotechnology : 31 October, 2004
New research may advance the nanoelectronics field, as scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and their collaborators have discovered that a short, organic chain molecule with dimensions on the order of a nanometre conducts electrons in a surprising way.
 
CBEN launches partnership for sustainable nanotechnology
Nanotechnology : 28 October, 2004
The Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN) at Rice University has announced the formation of the International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON), a collaboration among academic, industry, regulatory and non-governmental interest groups that will work to assess, communicate, and reduce potential environmental and health risks associated with nanotechnology.
 
'Knowledge discovery' could speed creation of new products
Nanotechnology : 19 October, 2004
Purdue University graduate student Leif Delgass reviews 'molecular orbitals' of a catalyst containing titanium as it is being used to make a plastic polymer, such as polyethylene. The interactive display is part of a system being developed at Purdue University that could dramatically speed up scientific discovery by enabling researchers to test hypotheses in real time using high-performance computing and artificial intelligence software.
 
Findings may help engineers build a better pollution trap
Nanotechnology : 10 October, 2004
Better catalytic converters and smokestack 'scrubbers' could help keep pollutants out of the air. Studies on how pollutants stick to or are broken apart by certain materials, now under way at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, could be a step in that direction. Brookhaven scientists will present results of one aspect of this work, how magnesium oxide (MgO) adsorbs hydrogen sulfide (H2S).
 
New biochemical technology ready to retrieve, purify heaviest crude oil
Nanotechnology : 03 October, 2004
Tiny, naturally occurring bacteria may be the answer to two problems that weigh heavily on the oil industry: vast reserves of crude oil left in the ground by conventional extraction techniques, and crudes too heavy and impure to refine easily into clean-burning fuel.
 
Brookhaven & DuPont develop new catalysts to convert renewable feedstocks to useful industrial materials
Nanotechnology : 29 September, 2004
The U.S. Department of Energy
 
Brookhaven and Schering AG collaborate on improved medical imaging method
Nanotechnology : 23 September, 2004
The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Schering AG, a pharmaceutical company, have signed a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement to develop a safer, higher-quality medical imaging method. Schering will formulate an improved X-ray radiographic contrast agent, while Brookhaven develops a device to select the portion of the X-ray energy spectrum that will make that agent most visible on radiographs.
 
Rice refining production of pure nanotube fibres
Nanotechnology : 02 September, 2004
Rice University scientists are refining pioneering chemical production methods used to make pure carbon nanotube fibres.
 
Nanoscale chemical sensors
Nanotechnology : 23 August, 2004
New types of chemical sensors for environmental monitoring, food safety or security applications could be based on nanotechnology.
 
New test for radiation damage to DNA developed at Brookhaven Lab
Nanotechnology : 27 July, 2004
In research that could help assess the radiation risks faced by astronauts, improve the cancer-killing potential of radiation therapy, and distinguish between DNA damage caused by normal living and that caused by low-level radiation, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new way to detect and quantify varieties of radiation damage that previously could not be measured.
 
Study in rats may lead to treatment for nicotine addiction in humans
Nanotechnology : 13 July, 2004
Nicotine is widely believed to trigger dependence by elevating certain brain chemicals associated with pleasure and reward. Now, a study in rats at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Major step forward in evolving story of superconductors, materials that lose resistance to electricity
Nanotechnology : 05 July, 2004
A team of physicists led by the University of California, San Diego has taken a major step forward in the evolving story of superconductors, the materials that lose resistance to electricity.
 
Mechanism may knock out brain
Nanotechnology : 15 May, 2004
A new brain-imaging study at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
The oldest known nanotechnology dates back to the 9th century!
Nanotechnology : 22 March, 2004
The oldest known nanotechnology dates back to the fabrication of the first lustre potteries. Some Abbasid lustre ceramics have a complex and fine decoration and form nano-gratings, the so-called polychrome lustre in which multi-coloured iridescence can be present: a famous example are the Abbasid tiles imported from Syria and placed in the mihrab of the Sidi Oqba Mosque in Kairouan (Tunisia).
 
Work could help in developing recombinant vaccine to disable deadly poison
Nanotechnology : 13 March, 2004
The toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria are among the deadliest known to humankind. A drop ingested can paralyze the body, including the muscles responsible for breathing, leading to death by asphyxiation.
 
New sediment decontamination technology shows promise
Nanotechnology : 28 February, 2004
The day may soon come when contaminated sediment dredged from the New York/New Jersey Harbor can be cleaned and turned into a useful product, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
 
Brain shows ability to recover from some methamphetamine damage
Nanotechnology : 13 February, 2004
A new brain-imaging study at the U.S. Department of Energy
 
Scientists combine chemistry and Bioremediation to Clean Cadmium From Soil
Nanotechnology : 15 January, 2004
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have devised a way to combine chemical treatment with 'pollutant-busting' bacteria to remove cadmium from contaminated soil.
 
Brookhaven Lab and SUNY Stony Brook researchers link a High from drugs to brain biochemistry
Nanotechnology : 02 December, 2003
Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and the State University of New York at Stony Brook have gained new insight into the biochemistry of the reward circuits in the brain that are related to drug addiction.
 
Enzyme evolution into high gear, work could lead to mass production of plant products
Nanotechnology : 13 November, 2003
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found a way to make a plant enzyme that is 100 times more efficient than similar enzymes found in nature.
 
Microbeam radiation therapy may offer improvement over traditional radiation treatments
Nanotechnology : 23 September, 2003
An experimental form of radiation therapy, known as microbeam radiation therapy, now under development at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, appears to be less damaging to healthy brain tissue than traditional radiation therapy.
 
Discovery of weak links may yield future measures to prevent radiation damage
Nanotechnology : 17 September, 2003
While attempting to 'photograph' the chemical reactions of an important enzyme of the nervous system, an international team of scientists found that the 'flash' they were using, a high-intensity X-ray beam, was systematically destroying their target. The resulting 'movie' of molecular images is the first-ever direct observation of how proteins break apart when exposed to high-energy X-rays.
 
Brookhaven & Psimei Pharmaceuticals Ltd. develop Boron Compounds for potential cancer treatments
Nanotechnology : 30 August, 2003
The Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Psimei Pharmaceuticals Limited have signed a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement to develop Brookhaven-invented boron compounds for use in an experimental radiation therapy for cancer, as well as in other cancer treatments.
 
Formula for environment-friendly grout revives heat pump industry
Nanotechnology : 17 July, 2003
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have received an award for a three-year research program credited with reviving the geothermal heat pump industry in northern New Jersey.
 
Scientists discover formula for long-life rechargeable batteries
Nanotechnology : 11 June, 2003
If you're tired of cell phones and laptops that quickly lose their charge, or worse, their ability to be recharged, help may be on the way from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. There, BNL scientists James Reilly, Gordana Adzic, John Johnson, Thomas Vogt, and James McBreen have developed a new metal alloy that could greatly improve the performance of rechargeable batteries for portable electronic devices and electric and hybrid electric cars.
 
Brookhaven Lab collaboration determines atomic structure of a key enzyme called a Biological Blowtorch
Nanotechnology : 30 April, 2003
A team of scientists working at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has determined the atomic structure of a key enzyme that performs several important chemical jobs in the body, including synthesizing estrogen and detoxifying chemicals as they enter the body. In addition, the enzyme may have medical and commercial applications in cancer therapy, in reducing pollution in industrial waste streams, and in manufacturing epoxies.
 
Scientists detect clue to material's unusual electrical properties
Nanotechnology : 27 April, 2003
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are studying a mysterious material that may lead to significant advances in the miniaturization of electronics.
 
Brookhaven Lab joins an alliance to perform research that may lead to improved oilseed crops
Nanotechnology : 31 March, 2003
As a member of the Oilseed Engineering Alliance, the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory will carry out basic research that may enhance the quantity and quality of oils in several crops, such as soybean, canola and sunflower crops.
 
Brookhaven Lab and Gould Electronics develop new materials for building better batteries
Nanotechnology : 12 February, 2003
The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has joined with Gould Electronics, Inc., to create more efficient, more environmentally friendly batteries. Developed about a decade ago, light-weight and rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are used today in laptop computers and cellular phones, and they will most likely be the battery of choice for electric cars in the future.
 
Gene therapy reduces drinking in Alcoholic rats
Nanotechnology : 29 January, 2003
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have shown that increasing the level of a brain protein important for transmitting pleasure signals can turn rats that prefer alcohol into light drinkers, and those with no preference into near teetotalers.
 
Thomas Swan has been certified as an approved supplier of high-quality carbon nanotubes
Nanotechnology : 12 January, 2003
Thomas Swan & Company announced today that it has been certified as an approved supplier of high-quality carbon nanotubes having passed a strict supply chain certification programme designed and managed by the US based Zyvex Corporation.
 
Scientists find link between dopamine and obesity
Nanotechnology : 29 December, 2002
Dopamine, a brain chemical associated with addiction to cocaine, alcohol, and other drugs, may also play an important role in obesity. According to a study by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, obese people have fewer receptors for dopamine, a neurotransmitter that helps produce feelings of satisfaction and pleasure.
 
Brookhaven Scientists investigate Nanowires with very low resistance
Nanotechnology : 01 October, 2002
In the world of electronic circuits, smaller is better: Small circuits, such as those used in computers, run faster and process more data. One key to developing smaller circuits is making tiny wires.
 
Scientists discover how cells Catch a cold
Nanotechnology : 13 September, 2002
In what could be a first step toward finding a cure for the common cold, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered how one form of cold virus binds to human cells. The discovery, appearing in this week's issue of Science, could lead to the development of drugs that block infection.
 
Brookhaven Scientists determine key lyme disease protein structure
Nanotechnology : 13 August, 2002
A research team working at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has determined the three-dimensional structure of a key protein on the bacterium that causes Lyme disease. Called OspC, the protein is derived from two strains of the Lyme disease bacterium. This research may lead to a second-generation vaccine that would be more effective than the current one.
 
Brookhaven Lab collaboration determines how aging affects brain chemistry
Nanotechnology : 07 July, 2002
How does aging affect the brain? Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, the State University of New York at Stony Brook and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have found chemical changes in the brain that may underlie the cognitive deterioration associated with aging.
 
Speed shows more neurotoxic effects than heroin, cocaine, or alcohol
Nanotechnology : 19 May, 2002
Two studies by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory provide evidence for the first time that abuse of methamphetamine, the drug commonly known as 'speed', is associated with physiological changes in two systems of the human brain. The changes are evident even for abusers who have not taken the drug for a year or more.
 
Five new thermoplastic masterbatches with fibril conductive carbon nanotubes
Carbon Nanotubes : 11 April, 2002
Hyperion Catalysis International, the world
 
Treatment may help diminish addicts' tendency to relapse
Nanotechnology : 13 March, 2002
Anecdotal reports suggest that addicts crave drugs when they visit places where they've routinely used drugs. Now, a new study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and conducted at Brookhaven National Laboratory shows that, in animals, such environmental cues trigger measurable increases in dopamine, a brain chemical closely linked with addiction. Even more important, lab scientists demonstrate that a therapeutic agent they've been studying as a potential treatment for addiction completely blocks this environmentally triggered increase in dopamine.
 
Brookhaven Scientists create new ways to tag and track molecules
Nanotechnology : 14 February, 2002
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are developing a wide array of metallic 'tags' to label proteins and other molecules. These tags will expand the toolbox scientists use to decode molecular structures, diagnose and treat diseases, and trace the movement of antibodies and drugs within cells.
 
NIH and DOE to upgrade synchrotron X-Ray research facilities in California and New York
Nanotechnology : 13 February, 2002
The National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy announced a new collaboration to upgrade two of the nation's premier synchrotron X-ray facilities. The upgrades will increase the nation's ability to measure the structure of complex materials such as proteins in order to learn more about how they function.
 
Hyperion catalysis opens plastics technical centre as new resource for developing conductive applications
Carbon Nanotubes : 11 February, 2002
Hyperion Catalysis International, the world
 
Biodiversity increases ecosystems' ability to absorb CO2 and nitrogen
Nanotechnology : 02 February, 2002
Biodiversity is an important factor regulating how ecosystems will respond to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide, say researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and their collaborators from several universities.
 
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